Genetic Code - definition

Genetic Code - definition

Genetic Code - the organizations of nucleotides (DNA sequences) within messenger RNA into triplet structures called trinucleotides or codons. The codons convey the order of amino acids for the structure of the protein for which a particular GENE encodes. The process of protein synthesis takes place in the ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm; the messenger RNA carries the encoding to the ribosomes.

See also CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION; CHROMOSOME; GENOME; GENOTYPE; NUCLEOTIDE; PHENOTYPE.

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Genetics and Molecular Medicine

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