Operation - information and types

Operation - information and types

Operation is a surgical procedure to enter the body and conduct a repair, remove a tumor, or in some other way alter a structure or organ. A surgical operation takes place under sterile conditions in a controlled environment, an operating room, used exclusively for surgery. Minor operations may take place in AMBULATORY SURGERY centers and specialized surgical clinics; major operations take place in hospitals that have sophisticated facilities and experienced staff to provide care before, during, and after surgery. Though traditionally the term surgery has applied to the medical specialty of surgery, many people now use the terms operation and surgery interchangeably.

Common Surgical Operations
Surgical OperationPurpose
adenoidectomy remove chronically infected and enlarged adenoids
APPENDECTOMY remove an inflamed or infected APPENDIX
ATHERECTOMY remove ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUE deposits from within arteries
BLEPHAROPLASTY repair or reconstruction of the eyelids
CHOLECYSTECTOMY remove the GALLBLADDER
colectomy remove part or all of the COLON
COLOSTOMY create a passage from colon through the abdominal wall
craniotomy operations on the BRAIN and related structures, PITUITARY GLAND
cystectomy remove the urinary BLADDER
ENDARTERECTOMY remove an occlusion from an ARTERY
EPISIOTOMY incision to widen the vaginal opening during CHILDBIRTH
GASTRECTOMY remove part or all of the STOMACH
hernioplasty repair of a HERNIA
HYSTERECTOMY remove the UTERUS
LAMINECTOMY remove a vertebral disk
laparotomy operations on structures of the abdomen such as the intestines, LIVER, appendix, uterus, OVARIES, FALLOPIAN TUBES
LARYNGECTOMY remove the larynx
lobectomy remove a lobe of the LUNGS
MASTECTOMY remove a BREAST
NEPHRECTOMY remove a kidney
nephrotomy remove a tumor or remove kidney stones
OOPHORECTOMY remove ovaries
ORCHIECTOMY remove a testicle
OTOPLASTY repair or reconstruction of the outer EAR
pneumonectomy remove an entire lung
PROSTATECTOMY remove the PROSTATE GLAND
resection remove (excise) a portion of a structure
RHINOPLASTY repair or reconstruction of the NOSE
RHYTIDOPLASTY repair or reconstruction of the face (facelift)
salpingectomy remove a fallopian tube
SPLENECTOMY remove the SPLEEN
THORACOTOMY operations on structures within the chest except the HEART
tonsillectomy remove chronically infected and enlarged tonsils
TRACHEOSTOMY create a passage from the TRACHEA through the surface of the neck
TYMPANOPLASTY repair or reconstruction of the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE (eardrum)
VASECTOMY remove a segment of the VAS DEFERENS

See also ARTHROSCOPY; BARIATRIC SURGERY; CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION; CATARACT EXTRACTION AND LENS REPLACEMENT; CESAREAN SECTION; ENDOSCOPY; JOINT REPLACEMENT; LASER SURGERY; MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY; MOHS’ SURGERY; PLASTIC SURGERY; REFRACTIVE SURGERY; SURGERY BENEFIT AND RISK ASSESSMENT; TUBAL LIGATION.

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