Uveitis - symptoms and treatment

Uveitis - symptoms and treatment

Uveitis - INFLAMMATION of the uveal structures of the EYE, which include the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Uveitis most commonly affects the front of the eye (anterior uveitis) though may involve specific segments of the eye or the uveal tract throughout the eye (diffuse uveitis).

Symptoms of Uveitis

Symptoms can vary from mild to severe and may include blurred vision, PHOTOPHOBIA (extreme sensitivity to light), burning sensation, prominent blood vessels (“bloodshot” appearance) radiating from the iris into the sclera, excessive tearing, and PAIN. GLAUCOMA is a serious potential complication of uveitis that can lead to VISION IMPAIRMENT.

Uveitis - Diagnostic Path and Treatment

The diagnostic path includes SLIT LAMP EXAMINATION and OPHTHALMOSCOPY. Treatment includes cycloplegic drops to immobilize the iris, which helps subdue the inflammation, and corticosteroid drops. Some people need to use corticosteroid drops up to several months. With prompt treatment, most people recover fully and without damage to the eye or to vision. Chronic uveitis may occur with certain AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS such as INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBD), RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, and REITER’S SYNDROME.

See also CONJUNCTIVITIS; CORTICOSTEROID MEDICATIONS; EPISCLERITIS; PAPILLITIS; SCLERITIS.

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