Table of Contents
Definition of Bulla
Bulla is a large (5 millimeters or greater) blisterlike formation, raised and fluid filled, that may hurt or itch. Infection, contact irritants, immune response, and systemic health conditions may cause bullae.
Bullous dermatitis may result from contact with plants such as poison ivy, oak, or sumac. To determine the cause of bullous eruptions, the doctor may biopsy a bulla (remove a small section for examination under the microscope) or perform tests to look for immune proteins.
Tense bullae form in the deeper layers and are less likely to rupture. Flaccid or loose bullae form in the superficial layers of the skin and are fragile, making them more likely to tear.
Treatment generally is twofold, targeting the underlying cause as well as aiming to relieve symptoms such as itching and the bullous swellings. Topical corticosteroid medications often help the symptoms and sometimes the underlying cause when it is an immune response or autoimmune disorder.
Antibiotic medications, often both topical and oral, are necessary to treat bullae that arise from bacterial infection or that become infected. Healed bullae may leave indentations or scars, especially if they were infected.
Health Conditions Associated with Skin Bulla
|Health Conditions Associated with Skin Bulla|
|adverse drug reaction||BULLOUS PEMPHIGOID|
|contact dermatitis||dermatitis herpetiformis|
|hereditary autoimmune disorders||IMPETIGO|
|STAPHYLOCOCCAL SCALDED SKIN SYNDROME||PEMPHIGUS|
|TOXIC EPIDERMAL NECROLYSIS||warfarin reaction|
Page last reviewed: