Breast Cancer – Symptoms, Information, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Breast Cancer A malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises in the breast. There are many types of breast cancers, some of which are hormone driven (draw sustenance from estrogens or progesterone) and others that are not. Primary cancer originates in the breast; secondary breast cancer metastasizes (spreads) to the breast from an origin elsewhere in the […]

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Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC)

Definition of Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) – a form of colorectal cancer predisposed by a mutation in the mlh1 and msh1 genes. These genes direct DNA repair mechanisms, the processes cells follow to correct mistakes that occur when they replicate their DNA codes during cell reproduction, for cells in the mucous […]

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Cancer of the Penis (Penile Cancer) – Definition

Definition of Penis Cancer A malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises from the tissues of the penis. Cancer of the penis is rare and usually occurs in men over age 50. Men who are uncircumcised and men who have human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have increased risk for cancer of the penis. Early symptoms include a painless growth, bump, […]

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Liver Cancer – symptoms and treatment

Definition of Liver Cancer Liver Cancer – malignant growths in the liver – may be primary (originates in the liver) or secondary (metastasizes, or spreads, from other locations in the body). Primary liver cancer is less common than metastatic liver cancer. Most primary liver cancer develops as a complication of chronic hepatitis b or hepatitis C infection, conditions that […]

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Cervical Cancer – Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Definition of Cervical Cancer A malignant (cancerous) tumor that originates in a woman’s cervix. The cervix is a thick neck of tissue that joins the vagina and the uterus. Infection with the human papillomavirus (hpv) accounts for nearly all cervical cancer, though only about 15 of the 100 or so strains of HPV are connected with cervical cancer. […]

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Pancreatic Cancer – Definition, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic Cancer – malignant growths of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer seldom shows symptoms until the cancer is well advanced or metastasized, making it among the most lethal cancers and the fourth leading cause of deaths from cancer in the United States. The one-year survival rate is about 24 percent Symptoms and Diagnostic Path When […]

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Endometrial Cancer – Definition, Symptoms, Stages, Treatment

Definition of Endometrial Cancer A malignant (cancerous) tumor, sometimes called uterine cancer, that arises from the tissues of the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. Often endometrial cancer is hormone driven, which means it requires estrogens to grow. Doctors in the United States diagnose endometrial cancer in about 40,000 women each year; it is the fourth most common cancer […]

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Stomach Cancer – Stages, Symptoms, Treatment and Survival Rate

Definition of Stomach Cancer Malignant growths that occur in the stomach. Stomach cancer is seventh among deaths from cancer in the United States. About 90 percent of stomach cancers are adenocarcinomas, malignant growths that originate in the glandular cells that carpet the gastric mucosa. These are the cells that produce the stomach’s acid and mucus, as well as digestive […]

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Ovarian Cancer – Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor that develops in the tissues of the ovary. Cancer may arise from any of the ovary’s three types of cells-germ, stromal, and epithelial-though about 90 percent of ovarian cancers arise from the ovarian epithelium (the membranous covering of the ovary). Ovarian epithelial cancer occurs […]

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Retinoblastoma – Definition and Treatment

Definition of Retinoblastoma Retinoblastoma is a cancerous tumor of the retina that most often occurs in children. Most retinoblastomas are hereditary and develop in early childhood, usually by age four. Some retinoblastomas are the result of new germline mutations though are not hereditary. Treatment in such cases is surgery to remove the eye (enucleation), with placement of […]

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