Definition of Capilary Beds

capillary beds

The meshlike network of arterioles and venules, the body’s tiniest blood vessels, where oxygen–carbon dioxide exchange takes place – are present throughout the body.

Arterial pressure forces blood into the capillary beds. Erythrocytes (red blood cells) carry oxygen and other nutrients to the capillary beds, where these molecules pass through to cells.

Correspondingly, the cells pass metabolic waste such as carbon dioxide and lactic acid through to the blood. The arterioles and the venules intertwine in the capillary beds, becoming indistinguishable.

For further discussion of cardiovascular structure and function, please see the overview section “The Cardiovascular System.”


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