Aspirin Therapy for Heart

Definition of Aspirin Therapy For Preventing Heart Attack Aspirin Therapy is a form of anticoagulation therapy to help prevent blood clots from developing, which doctors prescribe as a prophylactic measure for heart attack and stroke. Aspirin has a moderate anticoagulation effect. It interferes with platelet aggregation, the first step in the clotting process. aspirin blocks the body’s production of prostaglandins, chemicals the platelets need […]

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Cardiopulmonary Bypass – Definition, History, Surgery and Complications

Definition of Cardiopulmonary Bypass and History Cardiopulmonary Bypass is a procedure in which a machine takes over the oxygenation and pumping functions of the lungs and heart, making open heart surgery possible. Cardiopulmonary bypass allows the cardiovascular surgeon to stop the heart to operate on it, using the bypass machine to circulate the blood through the body. Physician and researcher John H. […]

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Fibroelastoma Papillary – Function of The Aortic Valve

Definition of Fibroelastoma Fibroelastoma is a noncancerous, connective tissue tumor that arises from the endocardium, usually on or near a heart valve. Also called cardiac papillary fibroelastoma, this rare tumor can become serious or life threatening when it interferes with the function of a heart valve. Fibroelastomas most commonly form on or near the aortic valve or the […]

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Open Heart Surgery – Procedure and Recovery

Definition of Open Heart Surgery Procedure Open Heart Surgery – any operation in which the surgeon opens the chest to expose the heart. Open heart surgery is the most common method for coronary artery bypass graft (cabg), valvuloplasty and heart valve replacement, reconstructive operations to correct congenital heart malformations, and heart transplantation. In the United States, surgeons perform about 750,000 […]

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Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) A brief, episodic interruption of the flow of blood to the brain, often called a mini-stroke. The most common cause of a TIA is a fragment of atherosclerotic plaque or a blood clot that breaks free and travels through the blood circulation until it lodges in an artery or arteriole. TIAs […]

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Atherectomy – surgical procedure

Definition of Atherectomy Procedure Atherectomy is a surgical procedure, done via cardiac catheterization, to remove patches of arterial plaque (atherosclerotic plaque), called atheromas, from the inner walls of major arteries such as the coronary arteries. The cardiologist uses either a laser to vaporize or a rotary burr on the end of the catheter to shave away the […]

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Cardioversion (electrical) procedure – what is and definition

Definition of Cardioversion Procedure Cardioversion – The application of an electrical shock through the chest wall to the heart, administered under sedation, to alter the heart’s electrical rhythm. The cardiologist performs cardioversion in a hospital setting staffed and equipped to respond to cardiovascular emergencies. There is a slight risk for heart attack or stroke. Cardioversion is most commonly […]

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Gallop – Heart Sounds

Definition of Gallop A pair of extra heart sounds the cardiologist can hear with the bell of the stethoscope during diastole, so-named because they occur in rapid succession and sound like the hooves of a galloping horse. The characteristic sound is that of a deep-toned thud. A gallop often exists with tachycardia (rapid, regular heart rate) and generally signals ventricular […]

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Ornish Program – Dean Ornish Diet

Definition of Ornish Program – Dean Ornish Diet An intensive lifestyle-oriented method for reducing the risk for coronary artery disease (cad) and heart attack. Named for Dean Ornish, the American physician who developed the approach, the Ornish program features a strict vegetarian diet very low in fat along with daily yoga, walking, meditation, and participation in support […]

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Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization (TMLR)

Definition of Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization (TMLR) A treatment for angina pectoris and ischemic heart disease (ihd) in which the cardiovascular surgeon uses a laser to create several dozen tiny channels through the wall of the heart’s left ventricle to improve the flow of blood and oxygen to the myocardium (heart muscle). The surgeon makes a small “window” incision through the ribs […]

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