Peripheral Vascular Disease – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Atherosclerosis that affects the peripheral arteries, notably those in the legs. Atherosclerotic plaque infiltrates the inner wall of the arteries, the intima. This causes the intima to thicken and stiffen, restricting the flexibility of the artery as well as narrowing the passage for blood (arterial lumen). Peripheral Vascular Disease can affect […]

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Angina Pectoris – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Angina Pectoris Angina Pectoris – chest discomfort originating from the Heart, usually resulting from restricted blood flow due to coronary artery disease (cad) that occludes (blocks) one or more of the coronary arteries. Coronary artery spasm, especially that resulting from cocaine use, may also cause angina. Some people experience a crushing pressure that radiates into the left shoulder, arm, and […]

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Heart Murmur – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Definition of Heart Murmur Heart Murmur is the sound of blood flowing through an abnormal opening in the heart. Heart murmur is a sign rather than a condition. Transient heart murmurs are common and benign, generally signaling an occasional or circumstantial incomplete valve closure, and do not require further evaluation or treatment. Transient heart murmurs may be present during fever, […]

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Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC)

Definition of Premature Ventricular Contraction An early heartbeat that causes the sensation of a skipped beat. Most often premature ventricular contractions are harmless. They may occur spontaneously, without apparent cause, and are most noticeable at rest or following strenuous exercise. Caffeine, pseudoephedrine (a vasoconstrictor and stimulant common in cold and allergy products), nicotine (tobacco), and […]

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Aortic Stenosis – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Aortic Stenosis Aortic Stenosis is narrowing of the aortic valve that restricts the flow of blood from the heart’s left ventricle to the aorta. Aortic stenosis may be congenital or acquired; in either, it tends to show symptoms later in life. Acquired aortic stenosis develops as a consequence of calcium and arterial plaque deposits that infiltrate […]

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Hyperlipidemia – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia is a disorder of lipid metabolism, also called hyperlipoproteinemia, that results in abnormally high levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoproteins in the blood circulation. Hyperlipidemia is a key contributor to atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease (cad), and peripheral vascular disease (pvd). Hyperlipidemia also can cause health conditions such as pancreatitis. Some forms of hyperlipidemia are familial or hereditary […]

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Pulmonary Hypertension – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Pulmonary Hypertension Elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries and the arteries within the lungs. Pulmonary hypertension develops when the arteries in the lungs become stiff and narrowed, increasing the resistance blood encounters in trying to flow through them. The condition typically starts in the smallest of arteries, the arterioles, and progressively involves larger arteries until pressure within the […]

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Hypertension – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hypertension Blood pressure that remains consistently elevated. Health experts estimate that 25 percent of American adults-about 75 million people have hypertension, though about half of them do not know it. Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is a leading cause of stroke and kidney disease, and a key factor in many heart attacks. Stroke kills […]

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Raynaud’s Syndrome – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Definition of Raynaud’s Syndrome A condition in which the smallest arteries, the arterioles, in the hands and the feet spasm in response to cold. The spasm interrupts the flow of blood to the fingers and toes, depriving them of oxygen. Raynaud’s syndrome may be idiopathic (without identifiable cause) or secondary to other health conditions (notably […]

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Arteriosclerosis definiton

Definition of Arteriosclerosis Arteriosclerosis is a degenerative condition of the arteries in which the walls of the arteries become stiff and rigid. Arteriosclerosis is a leading factor in age-related hypertension (high blood pressure). There are three forms: Atherosclerosis in which arterial plaque deposits infiltrate the inner layer of the arterial wall Mönckeberg’s arteriosclerosis or medial calcific sclerosis, in which the […]

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