Hypotension – definition, symptoms and treatment

What is Hypotension and Definition Below-normal BLOOD PRESSURE. Hypotension is most often a SIDE EFFECT of medications, a complication of HEART ATTACK, the result of significant BLOOD loss, or a component of cardiovascular SHOCK. Factors that decrease the flow of blood through the body typically result in reduced blood pressure. Idiopathic hypotension (hypotension that exists without apparent […]

Read More

Rheumatic Heart Disease – symptoms and treatment

What are Rheumatic Heart Diseases Rheumatic Heart Disease is damage to the valves of the HEART as a consequence of rheumatic FEVER, which develops as a complication of untreated or undertreated STREP THROAT. Streptococcal BACTERIA attack the heart valves, most commonly the mitral and aortic valves, which can leave them scarred and deformed. Rheumatic fever and […]

Read More

Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) – symptoms and treatment

What is Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) and definition Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM) is a congenital deformity in which an entanglement of arteries and veins forms. Rather than connecting into CAPILLARY BEDS that form between them, the arteries and veins in an arteriovenous malformation connect directly to one another. Veins lack the structure to accommodate the pressure BLOOD is under as it flows through […]

Read More

Intermittent Claudication – symptoms and treatment

What is Intermittent Claudication and Definition Intermittent Claudication is PAIN in the lower legs that occurs with physical activity such as walking. Intermittent claudication is the primary symptom of PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE (PVD), which is ATHEROSCLEROSIS that affects the arteries of the legs. The atherosclerotic accumulations of PVD occlude (block) BLOOD flow through the arteries, limiting their ability to respond to […]

Read More

Sick Sinus Syndrome – Symptoms and Treatment

What is Sick Sinus Syndrome and definition Sick Sinus Syndrome is a collective term for ARRHYTHMIA disorders that arise from dysfunction of the SINOATRIAL (SA) NODE and the electrical conduction network within the HEART. The SA node may stop functioning, or there may be a disruption in the pathway for the electrical impulses the SA node generates. Generally sick […]

Read More

Bundle Branch Block – left / right and ECG (EKG)

Bundle Branch Block definition Bundle Branch Block – An impediment, partial or complete, that prevents electrical impulses from traveling along the BUNDLE OF HIS or one of the bundle branches, right or left, in the HEART. The bundle branches focus and intensify the pacing signals that originate in the SINOATRIAL (SA) NODE, concentrating them enough to stimulate and […]

Read More

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) – symptoms and treatment

What is Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) – The consequential condition that results when CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD) and other conditions that affect the heart’s blood supply deprive the HEART of oxygen over an extended period of time. Ischemia is the medical term for a temporary interruption of BLOOD flow; in ischemic heart disease (IHD), the interruptions are temporary […]

Read More

Stroke – symptoms, causes, recovery and treatment

What is Stroke and Definition An interruption of BLOOD flow and oxygen supply to the BRAIN, sometimes called a brain attack. Stroke strikes about 700,000 Americans each year. For two thirds of them the stroke is a second or subsequent stroke. About 85 percent of strokes are ischemic; they result from blockage of an arterial […]

Read More

Cardiomyopathy – definition, types, symptoms and treatment

What is Cardiomyopathy and definition Cardiomyopathy is weakness and loss of pumping effectiveness of the HEART, usually with changes to the structure of the heart and in particular the left ventricle. Cardiomyopathy is as likely to affect people under age 40 as people over age 60 and is a leading cause of HEART FAILURE resulting in HEART TRANSPLANTATION. Genetic […]

Read More

Kawasaki disease – in children – symptoms and treatment

What is Kawasaki disease Kawasaki disease is an acute condition affecting children that can weaken the CORONARY ARTERIES and other cardiovascular structures, resulting in HEART ATTACK, ANEURYSM, or permanent damage. Kawasaki disease, also called mucocutaneous LYMPH NODE syndrome, comes on suddenly with RASH, FEVER, CONJUNCTIVITIS, and swollen lymph nodes (LYMPHADENOPATHY). Symptoms of Kawasaki disease The characteristic symptom that raises suspicion the […]

Read More