Heart Murmur – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Definition of Heart Murmur Heart Murmur is the sound of blood flowing through an abnormal opening in the heart. Heart murmur is a sign rather than a condition. Transient heart murmurs are common and benign, generally signaling an occasional or circumstantial incomplete valve closure, and do not require further evaluation or treatment. Transient heart murmurs may be present during fever, […]

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Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC)

Definition of Premature Ventricular Contraction An early heartbeat that causes the sensation of a skipped beat. Most often premature ventricular contractions are harmless. They may occur spontaneously, without apparent cause, and are most noticeable at rest or following strenuous exercise. Caffeine, pseudoephedrine (a vasoconstrictor and stimulant common in cold and allergy products), nicotine (tobacco), and […]

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Aortic Stenosis – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Aortic Stenosis Aortic Stenosis is narrowing of the aortic valve that restricts the flow of blood from the heart’s left ventricle to the aorta. Aortic stenosis may be congenital or acquired; in either, it tends to show symptoms later in life. Acquired aortic stenosis develops as a consequence of calcium and arterial plaque deposits that infiltrate […]

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Hyperlipidemia – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipidemia is a disorder of lipid metabolism, also called hyperlipoproteinemia, that results in abnormally high levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoproteins in the blood circulation. Hyperlipidemia is a key contributor to atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease (cad), and peripheral vascular disease (pvd). Hyperlipidemia also can cause health conditions such as pancreatitis. Some forms of hyperlipidemia are familial or hereditary […]

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Pulmonary Hypertension – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Pulmonary Hypertension Elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries and the arteries within the lungs. Pulmonary hypertension develops when the arteries in the lungs become stiff and narrowed, increasing the resistance blood encounters in trying to flow through them. The condition typically starts in the smallest of arteries, the arterioles, and progressively involves larger arteries until pressure within the […]

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Hypertension – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hypertension Blood pressure that remains consistently elevated. Health experts estimate that 25 percent of American adults-about 75 million people have hypertension, though about half of them do not know it. Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, is a leading cause of stroke and kidney disease, and a key factor in many heart attacks. Stroke kills […]

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Raynaud’s Syndrome – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Definition of Raynaud’s Syndrome A condition in which the smallest arteries, the arterioles, in the hands and the feet spasm in response to cold. The spasm interrupts the flow of blood to the fingers and toes, depriving them of oxygen. Raynaud’s syndrome may be idiopathic (without identifiable cause) or secondary to other health conditions (notably […]

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