Aneurysm definition and symptoms

What is Aneurysm and Definition Aneurysm is a weakened and often distended (stretched) area in the wall of an ARTERY. Though an aneurysm may develop in any artery, the most common location is the descending or abdominal AORTA. An aneurysm is potentially life-threatening. The continual pressure of the BLOOD flowing through the artery pressures the weakened area, which can cause […]

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Heart failure – symptoms and treatment

Heart Failure Definition The inability of the HEART to adequately pump BLOOD – may affect the right heart (pulmonary circulation), left heart (body circulation), or total heart. Heart failure, occasionally called by its antiquated name dropsy, is a consequence of longstanding CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (CVD) that has damaged the structure of the heart. About 5 million Americans live with heart failure. Conditions […]

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Peripheral Vascular Disease – symptoms and treatment

What is Peripheral Vascular Disease ATHEROSCLEROSIS that affects the peripheral arteries, notably those in the legs. ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUE infiltrates the inner wall of the arteries, the intima. This causes the intima to thicken and stiffen, restricting the FLEXIBILITY of the ARTERY as well as narrowing the passage for BLOOD (arterial lumen). Peripheral Vascular Disease can affect the largest […]

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Angina Pectoris – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Angina Pectoris and Definition Angina Pectoris – chest discomfort originating from the HEART, usually resulting from restricted BLOOD flow due to CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (CAD) that occludes (blocks) one or more of the CORONARY ARTERIES. Coronary ARTERY spasm, especially that resulting from COCAINE use, may also cause angina. Some people experience a crushing pressure that radiates into the left shoulder, […]

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Heart Murmur – symptoms, causes and treatment

What is Heart Murmur and Definition Heart Murmur is the sound of BLOOD flowing through an abnormal opening in the HEART. Heart murmur is a sign rather than a condition. Transient heart murmurs are common and benign, generally signaling an occasional or circumstantial incomplete valve closure, and do not require further evaluation or treatment. Transient heart murmurs may be […]

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Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC)

What is Premature Ventricular Contraction An early heartbeat that causes the sensation of a skipped beat. Most often premature ventricular contractions are harmless. They may occur spontaneously, without apparent cause, and are most noticeable at rest or following strenuous exercise. CAFFEINE, pseudoephedrine (a vasoconstrictor and stimulant common in cold and allergy products), NICOTINE (tobacco), and anxiety […]

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Aortic Stenosis – Symptoms and Treatment

What is Aortic Stenosis and Definition Aortic Stenosis is narrowing of the aortic valve that restricts the flow of BLOOD from the heart’s left ventricle to the AORTA. Aortic stenosis may be congenital or acquired; in either, it tends to show symptoms later in life. Acquired aortic stenosis develops as a consequence of calcium and arterial plaque deposits that […]

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