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Definition of Cystoscopy Procedure
Cystoscopy – An endoscopic procedure for visualizing the interior of the BLADDER.
The cystoscope is a narrow tube with a tiny light and camera on the tip. Cystoscopy requires no preparation or recovery time and takes place in an outpatient surgery setting under sterile procedures.
The urologist anesthetizes the URETHRA, then inserts the cystoscope through the urethra and into the bladder, visualizing the progress on a closed-circuit television monitor. Some people find the insertion mildly uncomfortable.
The urologist then injects saline through the cystoscope to fill the bladder, which may create the urge to urinate. However, the bladder must be full to distend its walls for complete examination. Cystoscopy takes 10 to 20 minutes.
Cystoscopy allows the urologist to visualize the interior of the bladder to examine it for signs of INFLAMMATION or tumors (BLADDER CANCER). The urologist can use cystoscopy to biopsy suspicious findings, remove bladder stones, and administer medications such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs.
Cystoscopy also allows the urologist to evaluate BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA (BPH) in men. Some people experience HEMATURIA (BLOOD in the urine) and discomfort or burning (DYSURIA) with URINATION for a day or two after cystoscopy, a consequence of the cystoscope irritating the urethral tissues.
The urologist should evaluate dysuria or hematuria that continues beyond two days as this may indicate a URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI) requiring ANTIBIOTIC MEDICATIONS; the cystoscope may carry BACTERIA from the SKIN’s surface into the urethra and bladder.