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Dyspepsia – the clinical term for indigestion or heartburn. Most people experience dyspepsia as a burning PAIN in the upper abdomen. Some people also experience NAUSEA, VOMITING, and excessive belching. Certain foods or drinks, such as spicy foods or caffeinated beverages, often worsen the discomfort, as do medications such as aspirin and other NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS (NSAIDS) and numerous prescription medications. ANTACIDS sometimes bring temporary relief. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE and GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISORDER (GERD) are common causes of dyspepsia. Rarely, persistent dyspepsia indicates STOMACH CANCER.
Symptoms of Dyspepsia, Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnostic path may include upper endoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) (examination of the ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, and DUODENUM with a lighted, flexible tube), or BARIUM SWALLOW to rule out other causes of the symptoms. Treatment targets the underlying cause and usually includes a medication to suppress gastric acid production, such as H2 ANTAGONIST (BLOCKER) MEDICATIONS or PROTON PUMP INHIBITOR (PPI) MEDICATIONS. The doctor may also prescribe an ANTIBIOTIC MEDICATIONS to eradicate HELICOBACTER PYLORI BACTERIA, the typical cause of gastric and duodenal ulcers, when the underlying condition is peptic ulcer disease. Most dyspepsia dramatically improves within six to eight weeks of appropriate treatment.