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Definition of Fitzpatrick skin type
Fitzpatrick skin type is a commonly used classification system for identifying a person’s SKIN characteristics, particularly the likelihood for SUNBURN and developing ACTINIC KERATOSIS and SKIN CANCER.
Dermatologists also use Fitzpatrick skin type as a factor in determining appropriate cosmetic procedures to treat skin blemishes and WRINKLES.
Fitzpatrick Classification Scale for Skin Types
|Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classifications|
|Type||Skin characteristics||Sun exposure|
|type I||very pale or ruddy; numerous freckles||always BURNS, never tans; severe SUNBURN (blisters) with unprotected exposure; high risk for SKIN CANCER|
|type II||pale or light-toned; some freckles mostly on face, shoulders, arms, hands||usually burns, lightly tans; moderate sunburn (redness) with unprotected exposure; increased risk for skin cancer|
|type III||olive||sometimes burns, moderately tans; mild sunburn (pinkness) with unprotected exposure; moderate risk for skin cancer|
|type IV||light brown||seldom burns, easily tans; low risk for skin cancer|
|type V||brown||rarely burns, darkly tans; seldom develops skin cancer|
|type VI||dark brown to brownish black||never burns; rarely develops skin cancer|
See also SKIN SELF-EXAMINATION.