Gamete is a spermatozoon (sperm cell) or an ovum (egg cell). A gamete, also called a germ cell or sex cell, is a haploid cell; it contains half the complement of chromosomes and genetic material necessary to encode (result in creating) an individual. When two gametes merge they produce a single diploid cell, the zygote, which then contains the full complement of chromosomes needed for life.
For further discussion of gametes within the context of the structures and functions of genetics, please see the overview section “Genetics and Molecular Medicine.”
Page last reviewed: