Enema and definition

Enema Definition Enema – the instillation of fluid into the RECTUM through the ANUS to stimulate a BOWEL MOVEMENT. An enema may relieve CONSTIPATION or be part of the preparation to cleanse the COLON for diagnostic procedures or surgery. Frequent enemas may result in dependence on them for bowel movements. Eating a diet high in fiber helps promote healthy bowel motility to prevent […]

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Liver Hemodialysis – treatment for acute liver failure

Liver Hemodialysis Definition Liver Hemodialysis is a treatment for acute LIVER FAILURE that employs extracorporeal (out-of-thebody) filtration of the BLOOD to remove the toxins the liver otherwise would metabolize. LIVER hemodialysis is currently of limited availability and remains largely an investigational treatment. Two procedures are in use, the extracorporeal liver assist device (ELAD) and the bioartificial liver. Each uses a […]

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Appendectomy surgery – procedure and complications

Appendectomy Surgery Definition Appendectomy is a surgical OPERATION to remove an inflamed or infected APPENDIX. The conventional open procedure involves making an incision two to three inches long in the lower right abdomen. Open appendectomy typically requires two or three days of hospitalization and four to six weeks for full recovery. A laparoscopy appendectomy requires a shorter hospital stay […]

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Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedure

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Definition Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) – an endoscopic procedure that allows diagnostic as well as therapeutic procedures involving the DUODENUM, pancreatic duct, and common BILE duct. After administering a sedative the gastroenterologist inserts the flexible, lighted endoscope through the MOUTH, passing it down the ESOPHAGUS and through the STOMACH to the duodenum. While advancing the endoscope the gastroenterologist examines […]

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Liver Transplantation – information about the procedure – operation

Liver Transplant Surgery Definition Liver Transplantation – an OPERATION to replace a diseased LIVER with a donor liver as a treatment for end-stage LIVER FAILURE. Following liver transplantation, most people are able to return to full and active lives though must continue taking medications to suppress rejection of the donor liver (IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE THERAPY). Surgeons performed the first successful liver transplantation in […]

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Barium Enema procedure

Barium Enema Definition Barium Enema is a diagnostic imaging procedure to examine the structures of the lower gastrointestinal tract including the RECTUM and COLON, sometimes called a lower GI (gastrointestinal) series. The gastroenterologist may request a barium ENEMA to help diagnose intestinal polyps, DIVERTICULAR DISEASE, INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBS), HIRSCHSPRUNG’S DISEASE, intestinal obstruction, COLORECTAL CANCER, and RECTAL PROLAPSE. Preparation for […]

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Esophageal Atresia – treatment, repair and surgery

Esophageal Atresia Definition Esophageal Atresia is a CONGENITAL ANOMALY in which the ESOPHAGUS fails to form properly and does not connect to the STOMACH. The esophagus may stop short at any location from the back of the THROAT to the top of the stomach or may extend to the stomach but not connect. Often there is also a tracheal–esophageal fistula […]

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Malabsorption syndrome – Causes and Symptoms

Definition Inadequate absorption of NUTRIENTS into the BLOOD circulation from the SMALL INTESTINE during digestion, also called malabsorption syndrome. It may result from damage to the small intestine that restricts the surface area of the intestinal mucosa (lining) or may develop as a consequence of digestive enzyme deficiencies. CELIAC DISEASE, LACTOSE INTOLERANCE, CYSTIC FIBROSIS, GASTROENTERITIS, and INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBD) are among the more […]

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Barium Swallow – definition

Barium Swallow Definition Barium Swallow is a diagnostic imaging procedure to examine the structures of the upper gastrointestinal tract including the ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, and DUODENUM (beginning of the SMALL INTESTINE), sometimes called an upper GI (gastrointestinal) series. The gastroenterologist may request a barium swallow to help diagnose HIATAL HERNIA, esophageal obstruction, ESOPHAGEAL SPASM, stomach dysfunction, and PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE. Preparation for barium […]

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Esophageal Cancer – symptoms and treatment

Definition of Esophageal Cancer Esophageal Cancer – malignant growths in the esophagus. Cancer of the esophagus takes one of two forms: adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is the more common form and nearly always originates near the esophageal entry to the stomach. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is nearly always a progression of Barrett’s esophagus, a condition in which the tissue structure of the […]

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