Colitis disease – types, symptoms and treatment

Colitis disease definition INFLAMMATION of the COLON. Colitis can be acute (sudden) or chronic (long-term). Various circumstances can cause acute colitis.Among them are INFECTION, radiation, and ischemia. Chronic colitis is usually a form of INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBD), an autoimmune disorder. The symptoms of colitis are abdominal discomfort, cramping, and DIARRHEA. The doctor makes the diagnosis primarily on the basis […]

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Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Gastrointestinal Bleeding Definition Gross (obvious) or occult (microscopic) bleeding along any section of the gastrointestinal tract. Gross bleeding generally is obvious. Occult bleeding often occurs with intestinal polyps. FECAL OCCULT BLOOD TEST (FOBT) is one method used to detect microscopic BLOOD in the stool. Several kinds of FOBTs are available for home use, though it is imperative to follow up […]

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Pancreatitis – symptoms and treatment

Pancreatitis Definition Pancreatitis – INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS that can be acute (comes on suddenly) or chronic (ongoing). Acute pancreatitis can be life-threatening and requires emergency medical treatment. Between them, excessive ALCOHOL consumption and gallstones account for more than 80 percent of pancreatitis. Other causes include CYSTIC FIBROSIS, viral INFECTION (notably with the MUMPS VIRUS), SIDE EFFECTS of certain medications, and trauma to […]

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Zollinger-Ellison syndrome – symptoms and treatment

Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome Definition A rare disorder in which the STOMACH dramatically increases hydrochloric acid production, resulting in rampant PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome develops as a consequence of benign tumors, called gastrinomas, that secrete the digestive hormone gastrin. Gastrin signals the stomach to produce acid, which the stomach continues doing as long as gastrin remains present. The excess acid […]

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Colorectal Cancer – staging, symptoms and treatment

Colorectal Cancer Definition Malignant growths in the COLON, most commonly in the sigmoid colon and the RECTUM. Colorectal cancer is the second-leading cause of death due to CANCER in the United States. However, colorectal cancer is also one of the most preventable and, with early detection, among the most treatable kinds of cancer. More than 95 percent of primary […]

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Gastroparesis – causes, symptoms and treatment

Gastroparesis Definition Gastroparesis – slowed function of the STOMACH that delays the travel of gastric contents into the DUODENUM. Gastroparesis results from disturbances of or damage to the vagus NERVE (the tenth cranial nerve), which carries the nerve impulses that accelerate PERISTALSIS (rhythmic contractions of the gastrointestinal tract). Gastroparesis most commonly occurs after a viral infection though also is a complication […]

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Peptic Ulcer Disease – symptoms and treatment

Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition Peptic Ulcer Disease – a condition in which ulcers form in the lining (mucosa) of the lower STOMACH and upper DUODENUM (first segment of the SMALL INTESTINE). The two most common causes of peptic ulcer disease are INFECTION with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and chronic or long-term use of NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS (NSAIDS). Peptic ulcer disease affects millions of Americans. In most situations, […]

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Abdominal Distention – definition and causes – pain and pregnancy

Causes of Abdominal Distention and Definition Abdominal Distention – swelling of the abdomen, sometimes referred to as bloating. Doctors evaluate abdominal distention as a clinical indicator for a wide range of health conditions. The most common cause of transitory abdominal distention is excessive intestinal gas resulting from eating too fast, which results in swallowing of […]

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Constipation – causes and treatment

Constipation Definition Difficult or delayed bowel movements. Constipation may occur as a delay in the frequency of bowel movements, an attempt to pass stools that are hard and compact, or a combination. Constipation tends to be chronic (longterm), though can occur as acute (sudden) episodes. Abdominal cramping and bloating may accompany constipation. Any rectal bleeding that […]

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Hepatic Cyst in liver – definition and treatment

Hepatic Cyst Definition Hepatic Cyst – a noncancerous growth, often fluid-filled, that develops in the LIVER. Most simple hepatic cysts cause no symptoms; they become apparent during diagnostic procedures, such as abdominal ULTRASOUND, done for other reasons. When there are no symptoms, no treatment is necessary beyond regular monitoring (watchful waiting). A hydatid cyst contains the larvae […]

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