Peptic Ulcer Disease – Symptoms and Treatment

Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition Peptic Ulcer Disease – a condition in which ulcers form in the lining (mucosa) of the lower stomach and upper duodenum (first segment of the small intestine). The two most common causes of peptic ulcer disease are infection with helicobacter pylori and chronic or long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids). Peptic ulcer disease affects millions of Americans. In most situations, […]

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Abdominal Distention – Definition and Causes – Pain and Pregnancy

Causes of Abdominal Distention and Definition Abdominal Distention – swelling of the abdomen, sometimes referred to as bloating. Doctors evaluate abdominal distention as a clinical indicator for a wide range of health conditions. The most common cause of transitory abdominal distention is excessive intestinal gas resulting from eating too fast, which results in swallowing of […]

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Constipation – Causes and Treatment

Constipation Definition Difficult or delayed bowel movements. Constipation may occur as a delay in the frequency of bowel movements, an attempt to pass stools that are hard and compact, or a combination. Constipation tends to be chronic (longterm), though can occur as acute (sudden) episodes. Abdominal cramping and bloating may accompany constipation. Any rectal bleeding that […]

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Hepatic Cyst in Liver – Definition and Treatment

Hepatic Cyst Definition Hepatic Cyst – a noncancerous growth, often fluid-filled, that develops in the liver. Most simple hepatic cysts cause no symptoms; they become apparent during diagnostic procedures, such as abdominal ultrasound, done for other reasons. When there are no symptoms, no treatment is necessary beyond regular monitoring (watchful waiting). A hydatid cyst contains the larvae […]

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Peritonitis – Symptoms, Definition and Treatment

Peritonitis Definition Inflammation and infection of the peritoneal membrane that encases the contents of the abdominal cavity. Peritonitis usually indicates a perforation of the intestinal tract that allows intestinal content, including normally present bacteria, to spill into the abdominal cavity. Such a breach may occur as the result of appendicitis or colitis, or with inflammatory bowel disease (ibd) or diverticular disease that erodes through the wall of […]

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Abdominal Pain – Causes and Definition

Definition of Abdominal Pain Discomfort in the trunk region that can range from mild cramping to severe pain. Abdominal pain requires emergency medical attention when: Pain is sudden, sharp, and unrelenting Pain radiates into the shoulder or jaw The abdomen is tense and tender to the touch There is bloody vomiting or diarrhea Causes of Abdominal […]

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Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Definition Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome – episodes of uncontrolled vomiting and nausea, sometimes called abdominal migraine, that occur in cycles of symptoms and relief. Each episode may last hours and often repeats over a period of time after which there is an extended period without symptoms. Many people experience prodrome, a short period of time during […]

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Hepatitis – Types A, B, C, D – Symptoms and Treatment

Hepatitis Definition Hepatitis – inflammation of the liver. There are numerous kinds and causes. Most hepatitis results from specific viruses that cause infections of the liver, alcohol abuse, and hepatotoxic drugs. Hepatitis is the leading cause of liver failure, and reason for liver transplantation, in the United States. Types of hepatitis Infectious (viral) Hepatitis The viruses that cause viral […]

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Portal Hypertension – Symptoms and Treatment

Portal Hypertension Definition Portal Hypertension – high pressure in the portal vein, the large blood vessel that carries blood from the abdominal organs to the liver. Cirrhosis, in which scar tissue replaces liver tissue as a consequence of repeated inflammation, is the primary cause of portal hypertension. Right heart failure also can cause portal hypertension. About 40 percent of the blood that enters […]

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Achalasia – Definition and Symptoms

Achlasia Definition Achalasia is a disorder of the esophagus in which the lower esophageal sphincter, the ring of muscle at the entry to the stomach, remains constricted, failing to allow food to pass into the stomach. Researchers believe the cause is a reduced number of inhibitory nerve cells, the specialized neurons that direct involuntary muscle tissue to relax. […]

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