Rebound Tenderness Abdomen

Rebound Tenderness Abdomen Definition A clinical sign of peritonitis (generalized inflammation and infection of the abdominal cavity). During abdominal palpation, the doctor presses slowly and firmly on the abdomen, then suddenly releases the pressure. The person feels a stabbing PAIN with release when the result is positive and notices no change when the result is negative. Rebound tenderness has a high […]

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Celiac Disease – Symptoms and Treatment

Celiac Disease Definition Celiac Disease is a condition affecting the small intestine in which consuming foods that contain gluten, a plant protein prominent in wheat, triggers an inflammatory response that prevents the intestinal mucosa (lining) from absorbing nutrients. Gluten, and more specifically proteins it contains called gliadins, acts as an antigen to initiate a localized immune response. Researchers believe […]

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Fecal (bowel) Impaction – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Fecal Impaction Definition Hardened pieces of feces, also called stool, that lodge in the colon or rectum. Fecal impaction typically occurs as a consequence of chronic constipation or reduced bowel motility (movement of digestive waste through the colon) and is most common in people who are confined to bed for extended periods of time. Those who take narcotic pain medications or antidiarrheal […]

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) – Symptoms and Treatment

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Definition Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic disorder in which inflammation develops alongsegments of the gastrointestinal tract. There are two forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Crohn’s disease can affect any portion of the intestinal tract though most commonly involves the lower small intestine and upper colon. Ulcerative colitis affects the colon including […]

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Rectal Fistula – symptoms and treatment

Rectal Fistula Definition An abnormal opening in the wall of the rectum, often connecting the rectum with another structure such as the urethra (rectourethral fistula), the vagina (rectovaginal fistula), or the anus (anorectal fistula). Rectal fistulas may be congenital or acquired. Congenital fistulas often occur in combination with other congenital anomalies, notably those affecting the HEART such as tetralogy of Fallot (a collective of […]

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Cholestasis – Symptoms and Diagnosis

Definition of Cholestasis Inadequate or lack of bile flow resulting from either obstruction of the bile ducts or dysfunctions of the liveR. Common symptoms include: Jaundice (yellow discoloration of the skin) Pruritus (generalized itching) Easy bruising Pale stools and dark urine Xanthomas (fatty deposits in the dermis layer of the skin) Conditions that can cause cholestasis CONDITIONS biliary atresia gallstones hepatitis hepatoxins liver disease of […]

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Fecal (bowel) Incontinence

Fecal Incontinence Definition Loss of bowel control – occurs more frequently in young children and in elderly adults, though can occur at any age. Fecal impaction, in which stool hardens in the rectum, is a common cause of fecal incontinence, particularly in children, as digestive waste that continues to move through the colon forces its way around the impaction […]

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Intestinal Polyp – Causes, Symptoms and Information

Intestinal Polyp Definition Intestinal Polyp is a fleshy growth, also called an intestinal polypoid adenoma, that grows from the mucous membrane lining of the colon or rectum. There are two common types of intestinal polyps, neoplastic adenomas and hyperplastic adenomas, both of which grow almost exclusively in the colon. Neoplastic adenomas are neoplastic (abnormal growths that have no […]

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Rectal Prolapse

Definition Protrusion of the rectal mucosa (lining of the rectum) through the anus. Rectal prolapse often affects women beyond menopause who experienced trauma during vaginal childbirth and have residual weakness of the pelvic structures. However, rectal prolapse occasionally affects men, usually those who are elderly. Long-term, chronic constipation is a common factor when rectal prolapse occurs in women who have […]

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Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)

Fecal Occult Blood Test Definition Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) – a laboratory test to determine whether there is microscopic (occult) blood in the stool, primarily to screen for colorectal cancer although other conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (ibd) and diverticulosis, can also cause occult bleeding. Two kinds of FOBT kits are available for self-sampling at home, one […]

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