Stomach Cancer – Stages, Symptoms, Treatment and Survival Rate

Definition of Stomach Cancer Malignant growths that occur in the stomach. Stomach cancer is seventh among deaths from cancer in the United States. About 90 percent of stomach cancers are adenocarcinomas, malignant growths that originate in the glandular cells that carpet the gastric mucosa. These are the cells that produce the stomach’s acid and mucus, as well as digestive […]

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Gastritis – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Gastritis Definition Inflammation of the lining of the stomach. There are two broad classifications of gastritis: erosive and nonerosive. The most common cause of erosive gastritis is repeated irritation from ingested substances such as alcohol, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids). The most common cause of nonerosive gastritis is infection with helicobacter pylori, the strain of bacteria that causes peptic ulcer disease. Occasionally […]

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Jaundice – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition, Symptoms and Treatment Jaundice – yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes, also called icterus, resulting from high levels of bilirubin in the blood. As well, the urine may be dark brown or tea-colored and the stools pale, indicating a high concentration of bile pigments dissolved in the urine and a lack of bile entering […]

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Toxic Megacolon – Definition and Symptoms

Toxic Megacolon Definition Toxic Megacolon is a serious condition in which a loss of muscle tone in the lower colon (typically the sigmoid colon) causes the preceding segment of colon to greatly enlarge (dilate). Air accumulates in the dilated bowel, increasing the pressure. Without prompt treatment intestinal perforation (rupture) is highly likely, with consequential peritonitis. Toxic megacolon is a potentially lifethreatening […]

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Gastroenteritis – Viral, Bacteria, Parasite – Symptoms and Treatment

Gastroenteritis Definition Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the small intestine. The most common cause of gastroenteritis is viral infection, though sometimes bacteria or parasites are responsible. The inflammation of the intestinal mucosa (mucus lining of the intestinal wall) reduces the small intestine’s ability to absorb nutrients and fluid. People often refer to gastroenteritis as “stomach flu,” though this is inaccurate; the “flu” or influenza is […]

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Liver Disease of Alcoholism – symptoms and treatment

Liver Disease of Alcoholism – Definition Liver Disease of Alcoholism – permanent damage to the liver that results from long-term, excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol is one of the most toxic substances ingested into the body. It enters the bloodstream unchanged, about 20 percent absorbed from the stomach and 80 percent from the small intestine. The liver must filter alcohol from […]

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Vomiting – definition

Vomiting Definition and Information The forceful expulsion of contents from the stomach, also called emesis. The force of vomiting may also draw digestive material from the duodenum (first section of the small intestine). Like sneezing and coughing, vomiting is a protective and reflexive mechanism to rid the body of substances that threaten its well-being. Vomiting occurs in response to nerve […]

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Cirrhosis of Liver – Symptoms and Treatment

Cirrhosis of Liver Definition Cirrhosis is a progressive condition in which fibrous tissue replaces damaged liver tissue, usually over an extended time and as a result of continued injury to the liver. The scarring is permanent and interferes with the liver’s ability to function, eventually resulting in liver failure. Numerous circumstances and health conditions can result in cirrhosis. […]

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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder (GERD) – Symptoms and Treatment

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder definition Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder (GERD) – a chronic condition in which gastric contents leak back from the stomach into the esophagus. Because stomach juices are highly acidic, this backwash creates chemical burns in the delicate tissues of the esophagus. The lining of the esophagus lacks the protective mucus that safeguards the stomach from gastric acid, […]

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Pancreatic Cancer – Definition, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Pancreatic Cancer Pancreatic Cancer – malignant growths of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer seldom shows symptoms until the cancer is well advanced or metastasized, making it among the most lethal cancers and the fourth leading cause of deaths from cancer in the United States. The one-year survival rate is about 24 percent Symptoms and Diagnostic Path When […]

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