Ileostomy Surgery

Ileostomy Surgery Definition Ileostomy – an operation in which the surgeon brings the end of the ileum, the final segment of the small intestine, through the abdominal wall to exit outside the body. A pouch fastens with adhesive to the skin around the ileostomal opening, or stoma, to collect digestive waste. The waste is significantly more watery than stool. An ileostomy is […]

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Aging, Gastrointestinal Changes That Occur With

Gastrointestinal Changes of Aging The organs and structures of the gastrointestinal system undergo numerous changes as an individual grows older. At birth, the infant’s mouth supports sucking and swallowing liquid nourishment. With the eruption of teeth and the elongation of the head, developmental changes that occur in early childhood, the oral cavity shifts to support chewing […]

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Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

Digital Rectal Examination Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) – direct palpation of the rectum in which the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum via the anus. DRE allows the doctor to feel for abnormal growths within the rectum and, in men, to palpate the prostate gland for enlargement and possibly nodules that could suggest prostate […]

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Laxatives Definition, Information and Using

Laxatives Definition Products to stimulate bowel movements. Laxatives work through various actions. Some help the stool to retain fluid, keeping the stool softer. Some lubricate the walls of the colon, making it easier for digestive waste to move through the gastrointestinal tract. Others introduce fiber, which adds bulk to the stool as well as retains more fluid […]

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Antacids – Medications – Information and Side Effects

Antacids Medication Definition Antacids are products that neutralize gastric (stomach) acid to relieve dyspepsia (heartburn and indigestion). Antacids work by increasing the pH (acid level) of the gastric juices, which reduces the irritation to the stomach tissues. Most antacids contain mineral salts, which are alkaline. Because of their high salt and mineral content, many antacids can […]

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Dyspepsia Definition – Symptoms, Treatment

Dyspepsia Definition Dyspepsia – the clinical term for indigestion or heartburn. Most people experience dyspepsia as a burning pain in the upper abdomen. Some people also experience nausea, vomiting, and excessive belching. Certain foods or drinks, such as spicy foods or caffeinated beverages, often worsen the discomfort, as do medications such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids) and […]

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Liver Failure – Acute / Chronic – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Liver Failure – Definition The inability of the liver to function. Liver failure may be acute (comes on suddenly) or chronic (develops over time). Because the liver has the unique ability to regenerate, the damage it takes to cause liver failure is substantial. Liver failure generally occurs when more than 75 percent of the liver’s hepatocytes, the cells that […]

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Antidiarrheal Medications – Drugs – Information and Complications

Antidiarrheal Medications Definition Medications that relieve diarrhea. Antidiarrheal medications work by slowing the activity of the gastrointestinal tract or by absorbing more fluid in the colon (large intestine). Information about Antidiarrheal Medications Though diarrhea is unpleasant, doctors recommend letting the body restore its balance without medications in most circumstances of acute diarrhea. Acute diarrhea (diarrhea that comes on suddenly) […]

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Endoscopy procedure – Risks, Types and Description

Endoscopy Procedure Definition The collective term for minimally invasive procedures that allow the doctor to view internal organs and structures using a lighted, flexible scope inserted through a natural body opening or through a small incision. Endoscopy can be diagnostic or therapeutic. Most endoscopic procedures require preparation before the procedure, sedation during the procedure, and supervised […]

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Liver Function Tests

Liver Function Tests Definition Liver Function Tests – a panel of blood tests that measures the levels of albumin, bilirubin, and certain liver enzymes in the blood. More specifically targeted tests further identify the reasons for abnormal results, as the findings may also indicate dysfunctions of other organs. Reasons for Doing This Test Liver function tests provide a general assessment […]

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