Liver Function Tests

Liver Function Tests Definition Liver Function Tests – a panel of BLOOD tests that measures the levels of ALBUMIN, BILIRUBIN, and certain LIVER enzymes in the blood. More specifically targeted tests further identify the reasons for abnormal results, as the findings may also indicate dysfunctions of other organs. Reasons for Doing This Test Liver function tests provide a general assessment […]

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Antiemetic Medications

Antiemetic Medications Definition Antiemetic Medications are medications that relieve NAUSEA and VOMITING (known clinically as emesis). The most commonly used are anticholinergic medications and antihistamine medications, which suppress the vestibular system mechanisms that cause vomiting. Many antihistamine products are available over the counter. Doctors may recommend or prescribe these medications to treat nausea related to VERTIGO, MÉNIÈRE’S DISEASE, […]

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Enema and definition

Enema Definition Enema – the instillation of fluid into the RECTUM through the ANUS to stimulate a BOWEL MOVEMENT. An enema may relieve CONSTIPATION or be part of the preparation to cleanse the COLON for diagnostic procedures or surgery. Frequent enemas may result in dependence on them for bowel movements. Eating a diet high in fiber helps promote healthy bowel motility to prevent […]

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Liver Hemodialysis – treatment for acute liver failure

Liver Hemodialysis Definition Liver Hemodialysis is a treatment for acute LIVER FAILURE that employs extracorporeal (out-of-thebody) filtration of the BLOOD to remove the toxins the liver otherwise would metabolize. LIVER hemodialysis is currently of limited availability and remains largely an investigational treatment. Two procedures are in use, the extracorporeal liver assist device (ELAD) and the bioartificial liver. Each uses a […]

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Appendectomy surgery – procedure and complications

Appendectomy Surgery Definition Appendectomy is a surgical OPERATION to remove an inflamed or infected APPENDIX. The conventional open procedure involves making an incision two to three inches long in the lower right abdomen. Open appendectomy typically requires two or three days of hospitalization and four to six weeks for full recovery. A laparoscopy appendectomy requires a shorter hospital stay […]

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