Stem Cell Therapy – Implantation of Stem Cell

Stem Cell Therapy Definition Stem Cell Therapy – implantation of stem cell to become specialized cells for tissue and organ repair or replacement. Though most stem cell therapy applications remain experimental, bone marrow transplantation (also called blood stem cell transplantation) has become a standard of treatment for many cancers affecting the blood and the lymphatic system (leukemias and lymphomas) as well as […]

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Genetics and Molecular Medicine

Genetics and Molecular Medicine Definition Genetics and molecular medicine are the disciplines in health care that focus on genetic encoding and molecular function within the cell as the foundations for health and disease. Many medical researchers believe nearly every component of health—and correspondingly, every presentation of disease—has some degree of genetic involvement and an individual […]

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Cloning of Humans – What is and Definition

Cloning of Humans Definition Cloning – the creation of exact copies of a gene, cell, or entire organism. such exact copies occur naturally when a zygote divides to become identical multiples such as twins or, less commonly, triplets. Manipulated cloning is primarily a research method at present, though scientists use cloning for therapeutic applications in creating recombinant dna products […]

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Ethical Issues in Genetics and Molecular Medicine

Ethical Issues in Genetics and Molecular Medicine – Introduction Ethical Issues in Genetics and Molecular Medicine – the questions and concerns that arise for physicians and individuals in regard to the information genetic screening, genetic testing, and genetic and molecular therapies. Though advances in genetics have produced significant breakthroughs in understanding, diagnosing, and sometimes treating health conditions that […]

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Family Medical Pedigree

Family Medical Pedigree Definition A comprehensive listing of relatives and their medical conditions, including information about diseases that may have genetic foundations.A family medical pedigree looks somewhat like a genealogic family tree, with branched lineage to show family relationships (such as marriage, birth, half-siblings). The family medical pedigree should extend at least three generations and […]

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Gene Therapy – Definition and Information

Gene Therapy Definition Treatment methods, most of which remain experimental, that attempt to manipulate genetic structure or gene encoding. Gene therapy targets either germline (gamete) or somatic cells, using vectors to deliver genes within cells. Germline gene therapy aims to prevent a genetic disorder from passing to new generations, while somatic gene therapy targets genetic disorders […]

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Genetic Counseling – Definition and Information

Genetic Counseling Definition A multidisciplinary approach to evaluating the risk for specific genetic diseases or chromosomal disorders.Doctors often recommend genetic counseling for people who have strong family history for genetic disorders such as tay-sachs disease or huntington’s disease and older women who are or who are planning to become pregnant. Obstetricians also will recommend genetic counseling for couples who receive […]

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Genetic Imprinting – Definition and Information

Genetic Imprinting Definition The inactivation of certain genes, determined by whether the gene is maternal (comes from the mother) or paternal (comes from the father). Genetic imprinting, also called genomic imprinting, appears to be another method of controlling genes by requiring one copy of each of certain chromosomes from each parent. Inheritance patterns, which establish gene expression […]

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Genetic Predisposition – Definition and Disease

Genetic Predisposition Definition Genetic Predisposition – the tendency to develop a health condition as a consequence of the interaction between genetics and lifestyle factors. Doctors believe genetic influences underlie many if not all health conditions that develop over time, such as Hypertension (high blood pressure), atherosclerosis, osteoarthritis, renal failure, liver disease, and type 2 diabetes. An individual’s genotype establishes genetic […]

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Genetic Screening – Definition and Information

Genetic Screening Definition Genetic Screening – procedures that indicate whether an individual has the potential to have a genetic disorder. Among the most commonly performed genetic screening procedures in the United States are prenatal ultrasound and maternal blood levels of multiple biomarkers, such as alpha fetoprotein (afp), during pregnancy. These procedures may present suspicious findings though are not precise […]

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