Definition of Genitalia

The collective term for the organs and structures of reproduction, also called the sex organs or the genitals.

Male genitalia

The external male genitalia are the penis and scrotum; the internal male genitalia are the urethra, testiclesvas deferens, bulbourethral glands (also called Cowper’s glands), ejaculatory ducts, seminal vesicles, spermatic cords, and prostate gland. All structures of the internal male genitalia occur in pairs except the prostate gland and urethra.

Female genitalia

The female external genitalia are the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, Skene’s glands, Bartholin’s glands, hymen, and vaginal introitus. Collectively the female external genitalia are the vulva or pudendum. The female internal genitalia are the ovariesfallopian tubesuteruscervix, and vagina.

For further discussion of the genitalia within the context of the structures and functions of reproduction and sexuality, please see the overview section “The Reproductive System.”


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