Table of Contents
Definition and Function Of Ileum
The ileum absorbs fats and fat-soluble vitamins as well as other remaining nutrients from the digestive content, which it then passes through the ileocecal valve into the cecum (the first segment of the colon). Like the other segments of the small intestine, the ileum’s walls contain extensive villi (fingerlike projections) that expand its surface area to increase its ability to absorb nutrients.
Conditions That can Affect The Ileum
|malabsorption||short bowel syndrome|
For further discussion of gastrointestinal structure and function, please see the overview section “The Gastrointestinal System.”
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