Shigellosis – Symptoms and Treatment

Shigellosis Definition and Symptoms An illness resulting from infection with any of numerous strains of shigella bacteria. Shigellosis most commonly occurs as a foodborne illness, producing symptoms of fever, abdominal cramping, and bloody diarrhea within about 12 hours of infection with the bacteria. The illness is generally self-limiting, running its course in five to seven days. Most people recover fully, though for […]

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Infectious Arthritis – Treatment

Definition Infectious Arthritis – inflammation of a joint that results from infection. The infectious agent (pathogen) may be bacteria or mycobacteria or a virus, or fungus and travels to the joint through the blood circulation. Infectious arthritis, also called septic arthritis, may also develop as a consequence of contamination during surgery on the joint. The doctor may withdraw fluid from the infected joint to […]

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Strep Throat – Symptoms and Treatment

Strep Throat and Definition An infection of the pharynx (throat), also called streptococcal pharyngitis, with various strains of group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal bacteria. Strep throat is highly contagious through contact with saliva and requires treatment with antibiotic medications to prevent potentially serious complications such as rheumatic heart disease. Symptoms and Diagnostic Path The symptoms of strep throat come on suddenly, usually within five days […]

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Erysipelas Infection – Treatment

Definition of Erysipelas Infection Erysipelas is a streptococcal infection of the dermis, the middle layer of the skin. Infection commonly follows strep throat, with the bacteria likely carried on the hands to the skin where a scratch or other breach allows the bacteria to colonize into an infection. The infection presents characteristic symptoms that allow prompt clinical diagnosis. These symptoms include Redness […]

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Syphilis – Symptoms, Signs and Treatment

Syphilis Definition A sexually transmitted disease (STD) that results from infection with the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis spreads through vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, and oral sex. It is not possible to acquire syphilis from objects such as toilet seats or in hot tubs. Syphilis is curable with appropriate antibiotic therapy. Untreated syphilis can cause widespread […]

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Erythrasma – Definition and Treatment

Definition of Erythrasma Erythrasma is a chronic bacterial infection of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) that produces scaly, brownish red patches that often itch. The patches may occur anywhere on the body though are most common in skin folds and moist areas such as the underarm (axilla) and groin. When viewed under ultraviolet light, the areas of […]

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Toxic Shock Syndrome – Symptoms, Tampons and History

Toxic Shock Syndrome Definition Toxic Shock Syndrome is a systemic immune response to the endotoxins many bacteria produce during infections. The immune response produces widespread, significant inflammation involving multiple organ systems. Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, resulting from Staphylococcus aureus infection, is more common and causes milder illness. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, which results from group A betahemolytic […]

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Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

Definition of Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection of the skin that most commonly affects infants and young children. Staphylococcus aureus is the infective agent. The infection is systemic, causing eruptions on the skin that give the appearance of scalding. A single lesion heralds the onset of the infection, with multiple […]

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Diphtheria (Corynebacterium Diphtheriae) Infection

Diphtheria Definition Diphtheria – an illness that results from infection with the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Routine childhood immunization has made diphtheria rare in the United States, though the infection can occur in people who do not receive a booster vaccine every 10 years and is common in other parts of the world. Infection may involve the nose and throat (respiratory diphtheria) or […]

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Tuberculosis (Disease) – Symptoms and Treatment

Tuberculosis Definition An illness resulting from infection with the microbe Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Though tuberculosis most commonly infects the lungs, the disease may involve other organs as well, notably the kidneys. Health experts estimate more than 2 billion people worldwide have active (symptoms are present) or latent (symptoms are not present) tuberculosis. An important characteristic of […]

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