Lymfogranuloma Venereum

Lymfogranuloma Venereum Lymfogranuloma – this STD is caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Serotypes L-1, L-2, L-3 of this bacterium play the main role. It starts with a small genital ulcer (1-3 mm) on penis or vulva. Then the pustule brakes and heals completely. When the pustule is healed, infection spread throw lymphatic vessels to inguinal […]

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Botulism illness – Definition, Symptoms, Treatment

What is Botulism Botulism is a potentially life-threatening illness resulting from INFECTION with the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The BACTERIA are naturally present in soil, where they encase themselves in spores. In the body, the bacteria release a toxin that blocks the release of acetylcholine, a NEUROTRANSMITTER that facilitates NERVE impulses from neurons to MUSCLE cells, causing PARALYSIS that may range in […]

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Necrotizing fasciitis – what is, symptoms and treatment

Necrotizing Fasciitis Definition A rare but serious bacterial INFECTION of the fascia, the layer of connective tissue that covers, separates, and connects the muscles and other musculoskeletal structures. In necrotizing fasciitis a combination of aerobic and anaerobic bacterial activity produces an abundance of nitrogen, hydrogen, and methane gases. These gases act to suppress the activity […]

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Campylobacteriosis (campylobacter jejuni) symptoms, treatment

What is Campylobacteriosis and Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacteriosis – an illness that results from INFECTION with the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni. The BACTERIA are commonly present in domestic birds such as chickens and turkeys without causing illness in the birds; the typical source of infection in people is undercooked poultry (especially chicken) or cross-contamination that occurs from […]

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Pneumococcal Pneumonia – Symptoms and Treatment

Pneumococcal Pneumonia Definition Pneumococcal pneumonia – An illness resulting from INFECTION with the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is normally present in the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses. Researchers do not know what processes occur in the body that allow S. pneumoniae to shift from NORMAL FLORA to causing infection in its native environment. Pneumococcal pneumonia is a […]

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Chancroid (Ulcus molle, soft ulcer)

Chancroid Definition This STD is caused by bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi. Haemophilus is gram-negative, partial anaerobic coccobacillus.  Chancroid incubation period may last 3 – 7 days. It is common disease in Africa but in Europe we can see it very rarely. At the beginnig of the infection an erythematous papular lesion appears in anogenital area. Lesion […]

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Rocky Mountain spotted fever

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Definition and Symptoms An illness resulting from INFECTION with the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii. Tick bites spread Rocky Mountain spotted FEVER, so-named because of the characteristic RASH the illness causes. Symptoms generally appear within five days of a tick bite and include fever slight RASH NAUSEA and VOMITING severe HEADACHE MUSCLE PAIN […]

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Chlamydia – symptoms and treatment

What is Chlamydia Illness resulting from INFECTION with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is one of the most common SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS) in the United States, infecting an estimated three million people each year. However, fewer than a third seek treatment because their symptoms are mild or they do not have symptoms and do not know they […]

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Cholera (disease) – treatment, causes and symptoms

Cholera Definition An illness resulting from INFECTION with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The BACTERIA release a toxin in the SMALL INTESTINE that disrupts the electrolyte balance, drawing vast amounts of water into the small intestine and causing sudden, profuse DIARRHEA. The diarrhea in turn causes severe DEHYDRATION. The incubation period (time from exposure to illness) is a few hours to a […]

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