Candidiasis / Candida – Symptoms and Treatment

What is Candidiasis – Candida Candidiasis / Candida – An illness resulting from INFECTION with fungi (also called yeasts) from the Candida family, most commonly Candida albicans, though other Candida species may also cause infection. Candidiasis, commonly called yeast infection (or THRUSH when it involves the MOUTH), affects the mucous membranes of the mouth, ESOPHAGUS, urinary tract, […]

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Coccidioidomycosis – Symptoms and Treatment

Coccidioidomycosis Definition An illness resulting from INFECTION with the spores of the fungus Coccidioides immitis, which occurs naturally in the soil in desert environments, inhaled into the LUNGS. Coccidioidomycosis affects the respiratory tract, primarily the lungs. About half of people infected with Coccidioides immitis do not become ill. The IMMUNE SYSTEM can successfully neutralize small numbers of […]

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Onychomycosis infection – treatment

Definition of Onychomycosis A common fungal INFECTION, typically CANDIDIASIS or TINEA, of the fingernail or toenail. The infection causes the nail to thicken, discolor, fragment, and peel or crack. Though some people experience itching, PAIN, or other discomfort, most people seek medical care because of the nail’s appearance. Onychomycosis affects the structure and function of the nail, however. Onychomycosis affecting […]

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Cryptococcosis / Cryptococcus and symptoms

Cryptococcosis – Cryptococcus Definition An illness that results from INFECTION with the FUNGUS Cryptococcus neoformans, which is abundant in soil worldwide. Cryptococcosis may affect the MENINGES (membranes covering the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD), the LUNGS, or the SKIN. Infection is most likely in people who are IMMUNOCOMPROMISED and is a particular risk in those who have HIV/AIDS, Hodgkin’s […]

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Histoplasmosis – diagnosis, symptoms and treatment

Histoplasmosis / Histoplasma capsulatum – Definition Histoplasmosis is an illness resulting from INFECTION with the FUNGUS Histoplasma capsulatum. This fungus, commonly called a mold, thrives in soils where bird droppings are abundant, such as chicken farms, barns where pigeons and starlings nest, and caves where bats roost. Histoplasmosis is endemic (continuously present) in the river valley areas of the […]

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Waterborne Illnesses (diseases)

Waterborne Illnesses Definition Diseases that result from pathogens transmitted by drinking or otherwise consuming contaminated water. Heavy metals and industrial chemicals may also contaminate water supplies, causing poisoning. People may acquire waterborne infections through drinking water supplies or by swallowing water during recreational activities in lakes, rivers, pools, hot tubs, and similar sources. Drinking water […]

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Antifungal medications and treatment

Antifungal Medications Drugs that kill fungi (yeast). Antifungal medications are available for topical or systemic treatment. Some fungal infections require both. Antifungal medications work through various mechanisms to interfere with the ability of fungi to survive or reproduce. Broadspectrum antifungal medications are effective for treating a variety of fungal infections; narrow-spectrum antifungals are effective in […]

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