Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 – symptoms and treatment

Herpes Simplex 1 and 2 – Definition Herpes Simplex – INFECTION with the herpes simplex VIRUS 1 (HSV-1) or HSV-2. HSV-1 primarily causes cold sores on the lips and in the MOUTH, transmitted through saliva. HSV-2 primarily causes GENITAL HERPES, a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that causes ulcerative sores on the genitals. However, either form of […]

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Infectious Arthritis – treatment

Definition Infectious Arthritis – INFLAMMATION of a JOINT that results from INFECTION. The infectious agent (PATHOGEN) may be BACTERIA or mycobacteria or a VIRUS, or fungus and travels to the joint through the BLOOD circulation. Infectious arthritis, also called septic arthritis, may also develop as a consequence of contamination during surgery on the joint. The doctor may withdraw fluid from the infected joint to […]

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Herpes Zoster – treatment and symptoms

What is Herpes zoster Herpes zoster – an INFECTION that results from reactivation of the varicella-zoster VIRUS, which lies dormant in the spinal nerve roots after causing CHICKENPOX. The virus can remain dormant for decades; doctors do not know what reactivates it though suspect a combination of aging and stress to the IMMUNE SYSTEM. The infection travels the tract of […]

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Whitlow – Herpes – Definition and Treatment

Definition of Whitlow Whitlow – An INFECTION at the end of the finger, or less commonly the end of a toe, that contains pus and is very painful. The area is inflamed, enlarged, erythematous (reddened), and often oozing. A common cause of whitlow is infection with the HERPES SIMPLEXVIRUS (HSV), conveyed to the finger via contact with infectious secretions […]

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HIV / AIDS – Definition

What is HIV / AIDS and Definition An INFECTION with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that ultimately results in the illness acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Though new HIV/AIDS infections are on the decline in the United States and other industrialized nations, HIV/AIDS remains endemic on the African continent. HIV/AIDS spreads through contact with body fluids such as occurs with sexual contact (vaginal […]

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Hepatitis – types A, B, C, D – symptoms and treatment

Hepatitis Definition Hepatitis – INFLAMMATION of the LIVER. There are numerous kinds and causes. Most hepatitis results from specific viruses that cause infections of the liver, alcohol abuse, and hepatotoxic drugs. Hepatitis is the leading cause of LIVER FAILURE, and reason for LIVER TRANSPLANTATION, in the United States. Types of hepatitis Infectious (viral) hepatitis The viruses that cause viral […]

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Human papillomavirus (HPV) – virus, infection, symptoms and cervical cancer

Human Papillomavirus Definition Human Papillomavirus – a family of more than 100 strains of VIRUS, various strains of which cause common WARTS, genital HPV infection, and CERVICAL CANCER. HPV and Common Warts The strains of HPV that cause common warts are mildly contagious and are more likely to spread to different locations on a person’s body rather […]

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Keratitis – Symptoms, Treatment and Causes

Keratitis definition Keratitis is an INFLAMMATION of the CORNEA, usually the result of an INFECTION. The cause of the infection is more commonly viral, such as HERPES SIMPLEX or HERPES ZOSTER, than bacterial. Symptoms of infectious keratitis include redness and irritation of the EYE and conjunctiva (inner eyelids) discomfort or PAIN excessive tearing difficulty keeping the eye open diminished VISUAL […]

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Influenza virus – symptoms, treatment and flu vaccine

Influenza Definition Influenza is a common and potentially serious viral INFECTION, commonly called the flu, that causes upper respiratory symptoms. Influenza viruses rapidly adapt and mutate, which gives them the perpetual ability to cause illness. There are three types of human influenza VIRUS-influenza A, influenza B, and influenza C. Influenza A viruses are primarily responsible for annual outbreaks […]

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Measles virus – symptoms, course and treatment

Measles Virus Definition An illness resulting from INFECTION with the measles VIRUS. Once among the most common childhood diseases worldwide, measles (also called rubeola) now primarily exists in developing nations where it remains a leading cause of childhood blindness and death. Routine measles IMMUNIZATION, the standard of care since becoming available in the early 1960s, has […]

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