Definition of Mastalgia

Painful breasts. Cyclic mastalgia in women occurs commonly with menstruation. Noncyclic mastalgia in women may indicate mastitis (inflammation, often the result of bacterial infection).

Mastalgia in women is also common during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Mastalgia is uncommon in men and signals an underlying condition that requires a doctor’s evaluation.

Symptoms and Treatment

Mastalgia is a symptom rather than itself a health condition. The diagnostic path attempts to pinpoint the cause of the pain.

Diagnostic procedures the doctor may conduct include breast ultrasound and mammogram (x-ray of the breast).

Treatment targets the underlying cause.


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