Physical therapy

Physical therapy is a therapeutic approach to maintain or improve the biomechanics of the body. Physical therapy employs many modalities (types of treatments) including passive and active range of motion exercises, THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE, hydrotherapy, therapeutic ULTRASOUND, heat and cold, strengthening exercises, FLEXIBILITY exercises, and balance exercises. In the United States physical therapy requires a doctor’s prescription. […]

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Spinal Stenosis – symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and exercises

What is Spinal Stenosis and Symptoms Narrowing of the vertebral channel, usually in the lower (lumbar) back, that compresses the SPINAL CORD or the spinal NERVE roots. The narrowing may develop as a consequence of osteoarthritic changes, the formation of BONE spurs, or a congenital defect in which the vertebral channel is unusually narrow to […]

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Cervical Spondylosis – treatment and symptoms

Cervical Spondylosis – Narrowing of the channel between the vertebrae in the neck through which the SPINAL CORD passes. Cervical spondylosis results from chronic, degenerative OSTEOARTHRITIS in which there is extensive INFLAMMATION and damage to the CARTILAGE disks that separate and cushion the cervical vertebrae (bones of the neck). The damage is permanent and eventually restricts the movement of the neck. Pressure […]

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Herniated Nucleus Pulposus – treatment and symptoms

Herniated Nucleus Pulposus – Damage to the structure of the CARTILAGE that cushions the vertebrae, also called a herniated, slipped, or ruptured disk. A herniated nucleus pulposus becomes increasingly common with advancing age, the result of wear and deterioration of the tough outer cartilage (called the annulus fibrosus) that allows the soft inner portion of the disk (called […]

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Myasthenia Gravis – symptoms and treatment

Myasthenia Gravis is a rare autoimmune disorder in which the IMMUNE SYSTEM produces antibodies that target acetylcholine receptors on the cell membrane surfaces of MUSCLE cells. Acetylcholine is a NEUROTRANSMITTER that carries NERVE impulses from neurons to muscle cells to initiate movement. Acetylcholine receptors are specialized molecules that bind acetylcholine molecules, a process analogous to plugging an electrical cord into […]

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Plantar fasciitis – symptoms and treatment

Plantar fasciitis is INFLAMMATION of the FASCIA along the bottom of the foot (plantar surface). Fascia is a thin, tough sheet of connective tissue that covers and connects the muscles, tendons, and other connective tissue structures throughout the body. It becomes irritated and inflamed with overuse. Plantar fasciitis develops with repeated stretching of the plantar fascia […]

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Sprains and Strains – symptoms and treatment

What is Sprains and Strains Sprains and Strains are Acute, traumatic injury to muscles, tendons, and ligaments, typically as a consequence of rapid and unexpected stretching such as may occur with a stumble, sudden twisting movement, or fall. A sprain is an injury to a LIGAMENT; ligaments connect bones to each other. A strain is an injury […]

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Ankle Injuries – definition, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and risks

What are Ankle Injuries Ankle Injuries are Sprains and fractures of the ankle resulting from accidental trauma. The ankle is vulnerable to twisting under the pressure of sudden, unexpected movement. Though ankle injuries are common ATHLETIC INJURIES, they also occur during routine activities such as stepping off a curb, walking on uneven surfaces, and walking in high […]

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Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease, syndrome – symptoms, treatment

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease – An inherited neuromuscular disorder in which the myelin sheath that covers and protects the PERIPHERAL NERVES deteriorates. The loss of the myelin sheath allows NERVE signals to escape from the nerves before they reach their destinations. CMT is the most common inherited neuromuscular disorder in the United States, affecting about 150,000 Americans. […]

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