Polydactyly – Extra Fingers or Toes

Definition of Polydactyly Polydactyly is extra fingers or toes. Polydactyly may occur spontaneously and isolated (without apparent cause) or in conjunction with genetic disorders such as Patau’s syndrome (trisomy 13). Most often the extra digit is on the little finger or little toe side of the hand or foot, respectively, and is so rudimentary as to be functionless. Nearly […]

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Syndactyly – Definition and Treatment

Definition of Syndactyly Fingers or toes that are fused together by connective tissue. Sometimes the fusion is only skin (simple syndactyly) and other times the fusion involves muscle, ligaments, and bone (complex syndactyly). Syndactyly is present at birth and often indicates a genetic disorder with additional symptoms. Most commonly the fusion involves the third and fourth fingers […]

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Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease – Symptoms and Treatment

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis A form of chronic, degenerative arthritis (inflammation of the joints) that primarily affects the spine. The inflammation permanently damages the vertebrae (bones of the spine), causing outgrowths of bony tissue that fuse vertebrae to one another such that their mobility and range of motion can become extremely limited. Ankylosing spondylitis, sometimes […]

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Chondritis – Inflammation of Cartilage

Definition of Chondritis Inflammation of cartilage that may occur anywhere in the body though is most common in the cartilage of the ribs (costochondritis), on the ends of the bones (osteochondritis), and within the external EAR (auricular chondritis). Chondritis often results from trauma, such as a blow or, when the external ear is involved, after a burn injury. Bacterial infection may […]

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Infectious Arthritis – Treatment

Definition Infectious Arthritis – inflammation of a joint that results from infection. The infectious agent (pathogen) may be bacteria or mycobacteria or a virus, or fungus and travels to the joint through the blood circulation. Infectious arthritis, also called septic arthritis, may also develop as a consequence of contamination during surgery on the joint. The doctor may withdraw fluid from the infected joint to […]

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Myotonia – Diagnosis and Treatment

Defnition of Myotonia A neuromuscular circumstance in which the muscles contract properly but do not relax, causing temporary stiffness. Movement may be slow and difficult until the muscles warm up, after which they seem to function more smoothly. Myotonia may be a symptom, such as with some forms of muscular dystrophy, or a congenital condition. Myotonia congenita […]

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Polymyositis – Symptoms, Treatment, and Prognosis

Definition of Polymyositis Polymyositis is a chronic condition of widespread inflammation of the muscles. The inflammation causes weakness and difficulty with everyday movements including walking, reaching for objects, bathing, and dressing. Polymyositis is a type of inflammatory myopathy that many researchers believe is autoimmune in its origins. Other researchers believe polymyositis and other inflammatory myopathies develop after […]

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Synovitis – Definition and Treatment

Definition of Synovitis Inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines the joint capsule of joints such as the hip and knee. Synovitis is common in rheumatoid arthritis, gout, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and infection. Generally there is pain, often severe, and swelling due to fluid accumulation. The skin over the joint is often hot to the touch and […]

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Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita – Definiton, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Arthrogryposis and Definition The collective term for a group of congenital disorders, also called arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, in which multiple contractures restrict joint function throughout the body. Joints may be partially or completely fused. Researchers believe about 30 percent of arthrogryposis develops when the fetus is not able to move freely in the uterus before birth. The […]

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Congenital Hip Dysplasia – In Adults and Infants

Definition of Congenital Hip Dysplasia Congenital Hip Dysplasia is a condition in which the head of the femur (thigh bone) does not properly seat in the acetabulum (pelvic socket) at birth. Numerous potential causes may account for congenital hip dysplasia, also called congenital hip displacement or developmental dysplasia of the hip. The dysplasia is sometimes apparent at […]

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