Proprioception – definition

Proprioception – The body’s sense of its location within its physical environment. Proprioceptors are specialized molecules on PERIPHERAL NERVES in the muscles that send a continuous barrage of NERVE impulses to the basal ganglia and other structures of the BRAIN that have roles in balance and movement. The balance functions in the vestibular structures of […]

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Talipes Equinovarus – definition and treatment

What is Talipes Equinovarus Talipes Equinovarus is a CONGENITAL ANOMALY in which an infant is born with one foot or both feet deformed into the shape of a club, hence the common term for the condition, “clubfoot.” The affected foot turns in and under at the heel, such that the top of the foot appears nearly upsidedown. […]

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Arthroscopy procedure / surgery

What is Arthroscopy A MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY procedure that allows an orthopedic surgeon to view the inside of a JOINT using a lighted, flexible endoscope adapted for this use, called an arthroscope. Arthroscopy, also called arthroscopic surgery, has both diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Inserted into the joint through a small incision, the arthroscope has a tiny camera […]

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Contracture muscle definition

Contracture is an abnormal shortening or tightening of connective tissue or MUSCLE that impedes proper movement of a JOINT, digit, or other musculoskeletal structure. Contractures typically develop when fibrous tissue (scarring), which is relatively inflexible, replaces normal connective tissue. This process may reflect autoimmune activity in the body (such as occurs in RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS), repeated trauma (such as occurs […]

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Joint Replacement surgery / surgical operation, risks

Joint Replacement is a surgical OPERATION, also called total JOINT replacement, to remove a severely diseased or damaged joint and replace it with a prosthetic joint. OSTEOARTHRITIS and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS are often to blame for joint deterioration severe enough to require joint replacement. The most commonly replaced joints are hips, knees, and shoulders. Prosthetic joints are also available for fingers, elbows, […]

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Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy is a therapeutic approach to teach people the skills they need for living as independently as possible with long-term injury or disability. Occupational therapy focuses on techniques and devices to make easier the activities and events of daily living, aiding with such circumstances as recovery after STROKE, developmental disability in children, and rehabilitation after serious […]

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Prosthetic Limb – amr, leg, hand, foot

Prosthetic Limbs – An artificial arm, hand, leg, or foot that provides functional replacement for an amputated or missing limb. A prosthesis represents a balance between function and presentable appearance. Prosthetic limbs available today can provide a very high level of function, allowing many people to return to nearly the same lifestyle as before the amputation. […]

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Teeth – function and definition

Calcified formations that grow from the gums in the MOUTH. The teeth are necessary for cutting, tearing, and chewing the food as well as for forming the sounds of language. A person develops two sets of teeth during his or her lifetime. The first set, the primary teeth, erupts around six months of age and […]

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Athletic Injuries – acute and chronic – information and definition

What are Athletic Injuries ACCIDENTAL INJURIES that occur during athletic activities or sporting events. Though a certain degree of risk is inherent in athletic events, particularly competitions, most athletic injuries occur for three main reasons. They are inadequate CONDITIONING or TRAINING insufficient WARM-UP and pre-event preparation inappropriate or improperly fitted clothing, shoes, equipment, or protective […]

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Cramp – muscle and menstruation

Cramp is a painful, involuntary, and often extended contraction of a MUSCLE. Cramps may occur in any muscle and often occur with overuse, such as writer’s cramp and leg cramps during running. Overexertion, DEHYDRATION, and fatigue are key contributors to muscle cramps. Uterine cramps are common with MENSTRUATION. Gentle stretching and massage can relieve the contraction, allowing the […]

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