Kyphosis of Spine – Definition and Treatement

Definition of Kyphosis of Spine Kyphosis is a deformity of the upper spine that gives the appearance of a hump in the upper back. Kyphosis may represent a congenital anomaly in the structure of the spine or may develop later in life as a consequence of damage to the cartilage disks between the vertebrae that allow the vertebrae to slide […]

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Osteoarthritis – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is a condition of progressive degeneration of the joints. Osteoarthritis tends to develop in adults age 60 and older and to affect joints subject to excessive stress throughout life, often in occupational settings. Recreational and athletic activities may also result in osteoarthritis. The fingers, cervical spine (neck), knees, hips, and lumbar spine (low […]

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Repetitive Motion Injuries

Defintion of Repetitive Motion Injuries Repetitive Motion Injuries – Soft tissue injuries that occur as a result of overuse or performing the same motion over and over. Repetitive motion injuries, sometimes called cumulative trauma injuries, may occur as occupational injuries or athletic injuries. The most common repetitive motion injuries are tendonitis (inflammation of a tendon) and bursitis (inflammation […]

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Tendon – Definition and Function

Definition of Tendon A tough, fibrous band of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone. A tendon originates in the muscle. Like muscle, tendons have a rich blood and nerve supply. At its other end the tendon inserts into the bone. Mineralization at the insertion point creates a contiguous flow of tissue from muscle to bone. The largest tendon in […]

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Baker’s Cyst – Popliteal Cyst of The Knee

What is Baker’s Cyst and Definiton A fluid-filled sac, also called a popliteal cyst, that forms at the back of the knee. The cyst develops when there is a tear in the synovial capsule (the membranous structure containing the fluid that lubricates the JOINT) that allows synovial fluid to leak into the ears of least […]

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Dislocations of Joint and Pain

Definition of Dislocations of Joint Dislocations – Separations of the structures within a joint, typically as a result of traumatic injury. The digits (fingers and toes), shoulders, and hips are particularly vulnerable to dislocation. Traumatic dislocation is very painful. Generally a doctor should reduce the dislocation (restore the bones to their correct positions) and evaluate […]

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Laminectomy Surgery and Recovery

Definition of Laminectomy Surgery Laminectomy is a surgical operation to remove a segment of vertebra (bone of the spine) to relieve pressure against the spinal cord or a spinal nerve root. Laminectomy treats neurologic symptoms arising from herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated or slipped disk), cervical spondylosis, and spinal stenosis. When laminectomy is the appropriate therapeutic choice, it has a fairly […]

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta – Types and Treatment

Definition of Osteogenesis Imperfecta Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder, commonly called brittle bone disease, in which there are defects in the ways the body produces type 1 collagen, a fibrous protein that is the foundation of bone formation. As a result the bones lack proper structure and density and are highly susceptible to fracture. The […]

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Rhabdomyoma – Definition and Information

Definition of Rhabdomyoma Rhabdomyoma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor that originates in muscle tissue, usually skeletal muscle. Rhabdomyoma is somewhat more common in children than adults. The doctor may choose to surgically remove the rhabdomyoma to obtain a definitive diagnosis and rule out cancer. However, rhabdomyoma does not become cancerous. Rather, it may have the appearance of a […]

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Tendonitis – Inflammation Tendon – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Tendonitis Inflammation of a tendon. Tendonitis most often occurs as an overuse injury. Overuse causes the fibers of the tendon to stretch and tear, leaving microscopic injuries throughout the tendon. Occasionally calcium deposits develop in a tendon. The injury activates the immune response, which in turn initiates the inflammatory response. Symptoms and Treatment […]

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