Lipoma – treatment, removal and surgery

Lipoma is a benign (noncancerous) soft tissue tumor. Lipoma is the most common type of tumor. It arises from adipocytes-fat cells-though can develop in any kind of tissue. Lipomas are particularly common in the MUSCLE, appearing as a small painless lump. A lipoma near the surface of the SKIN feels soft and fairly well defined. Lipoma does not hurt […]

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Osteomyelitis – definition, symptoms and treatment

What is Osteomyelitis and Definition Osteomyelitis – An INFECTION of the BONE. Typically the infection starts elsewhere in the body and spreads through the BLOOD circulation to the bone, though may originate in the bone as a complication of surgery on the bone (such as open reduction of a FRACTURE or JOINT REPLACEMENT). Bacterial infection causes most osteomyelitis, though other pathogens such as fungi […]

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Rotator cuff impingement syndrome

Rotator cuff impingement syndrome – A chronic overuse condition involving the rotator cuff, a group of muscles and tendons in the shoulder that stabilizes the shoulder JOINT—the glenohumeral joint where the humerus (long BONE of the upper arm) joins the upper part of the scapula (shoulder blade)—during elevation of the arm. The rotator cuff is […]

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The Musculoskeletal System

The musculoskeletal system encompasses the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and fasciae. Practitioners who diagnose and treat health conditions of the musculoskeletal system are orthopedists (also called orthopedic surgeons). Orthopedists may further specialize in sports medicine or physiatry (rehabilitative medicine). Functions of the Musculoskeletal System The musculoskeletal system gives the body form and structure, protects the […]

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Bone – cells, structure, bone types and bone health and disease

What is Bone and Definition The rigid tissue that gives the body structure and mobility. Bone consists of living cells contained within a mineralized structure called the bone matrix. Collagen fibers form intricate networks to which crystals of calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, and other mineral compounds adhere, forming the dense and rigid structure familiar as […]

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Fascia – what is, definition and function

Fascia – The fibrous membrane that covers connective tissue. Deep fasciae enclose, support, and separate MUSCLE structures deep within the body. Superficial fasciae support the SKIN and connect the skin to inner layers of tissue. Fascia has high tensile STRENGTH and a sheetlike appearance. It varies in thickness, depending on its location and purpose. Fasciae throughout the body are susceptible […]

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Lordosis of the spine – causes and treatment

Lordosis – An abnormally exaggerated inward curvature of the lumbar spine at the small of the back, giving the appearance of protruding buttocks in the back and protruding belly in the front. Lordosis may result from congenital abnormalities of the spine and often develops when a child begins to walk. CONGENITAL HIP DYSPLASIA, CEREBRAL PALSY, […]

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Osteopenia – define, symptoms and treatment

What is Osteopenia and Define Osteopenia is a preclinical circumstance of reduced BONE DENSITY. Doctors generally consider osteopenia to precede OSTEOPOROSIS. Osteopenia has no symptoms and is a diagnosis the doctor arrives at as a consequence of the person’s BONE density score with radiologic (X-RAY based) bone density measurement. About 34 million Americans, mostly women at or beyond MENOPAUSE and […]

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Achilles Tendon – What is and Definition

Definition of Achilles Tendon A thick, strong band of connective tissue at the back of the heel that joins the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of the calf (back of the lower leg) to the calcaneus (heel BONE). The Achilles TENDON makes possible extension of the foot, a necessary element of walking, running, and jumping. A sharp tap to the […]

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