Lordosis of The Spine – Causes and Treatment

Definition of Lordosis An abnormally exaggerated inward curvature of the lumbar spine at the small of the back, giving the appearance of protruding buttocks in the back and protruding belly in the front. Lordosis may result from congenital abnormalities of the spine and often develops when a child begins to walk. Congenital hip dysplasia, cerebral […]

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Osteopenia – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Osteopenia Osteopenia is a preclinical circumstance of reduced bone density. Doctors generally consider osteopenia to precede osteoporosis. Osteopenia has no symptoms and is a diagnosis the doctor arrives at as a consequence of the person’s bone density score with radiologic (X-RAY based) bone density measurement. About 34 million Americans, mostly women at or beyond menopause and men older […]

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Achilles Tendon – What is and Definition

Definition of Achilles Tendon A thick, strong band of connective tissue at the back of the heel that joins the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of the calf (back of the lower leg) to the calcaneus (heel bone). The Achilles tendon makes possible extension of the foot, a necessary element of walking, running, and jumping. A sharp tap to the […]

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Bursa – Definition and Information

Definition of Bursa Bursa is a fluid-filled sac between layers of muscle that buffers the movement of muscles against each other. A synovial membrane, which secretes a lubricating fluid (synovial fluid), lines the inside of the bursa. This is the same kind of membrane and fluid that encloses and lubricates the joints. Most people have between 130 […]

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Fibromyalgia – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition of pain felt in the muscles and connective tissues throughout the body, with accompanying fatigue and multiple trigger points (areas on the body where the slightest touch activates a severe pain response). Characteristically people experience a constant level of discomfort with pressure or contact causing overt pain […]

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Marfan Syndrome – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Marfan Syndrome A genetic disorder arising from mutations in the fbn1 gene that affect the structure of connective tissues throughout the body. The fbn1 gene encodes for fibrillin 1, a protein molecule essential for the formation of elastin. Elastin is the basis of the fibers that form the connective tissues. In Marfan syndrome the […]

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Osteopetrosis – Definition and Treatment

Definition of Osteopetrosisis Osteopetrosisis a rare genetic disorder in which bone remodeling is defective. Though the body builds new bone (osteoblastic activity), it does not adequately clear away old bone (osteoclastic activity). Consequently the bones become very dense though are also very brittle and vulnerable to fracture. When symptoms are present early in childhood (infantile osteopetrosis), […]

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Scoliosis of The Spine – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Scoliosis of The Spine An abnormal curvature that takes the spine to the side. The healthy spine does not curve to the side. Scoliosis is idiopathic—that is, doctors do not know what causes it. Treatment to straighten the spine in childhood is important because the curvature is likely to become more extreme in adulthood and […]

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Achilles Tendon Injury – Pain, Rupture, Treatment, Repair and Surgery

What is Achilles Tendon Injury Achilles tendon injury is Traumatic damage to the achilles tendon, the broad band of connective tissue that joins the calf muscles to the heel of the foot. The most common Achilles tendon injury is inflammation, called achilles tendonitis, tends to develop somewhat gradually as an overuse injury. A tear in the Achilles […]

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