Calcium and Bone Health – Density and Sources

Calcium and Bone Health The correlation between dietary intake of calcium and the density and strength of the bones. Calcium is essential for proper bone structure, strength, and mass. The bones contain about 99 percent of the calcium in the body. From before birth until about age 30, the body adds calcium and other minerals to bone […]

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Gangrene Disease, Infection, Treatment, Causes and Symptoms

Causes of Gangrene and Symptoms Gangrene – The death of tissue (necrosis) resulting from deprivation of blood circulation to an area of the body. Gangrene most commonly affects the digits (fingers and toes) and extremities (hands and feet). Frostbite, peripheral vascular disease (pvd), nephropathy of diabetes, severe infection (such as clostridial infections and necrotizing fasciitis), and Raynaud’s syndrome are common causes of […]

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Muscle (Skeletal) of The Body – Definition and Function

Definition of Skeletal Muscle Contractile fibers or the structures these fibers form. Muscles move the body, some under voluntary control and others reflexively. The gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, and blood vessels contain smooth (nonstriated) muscle, which is under involuntary control of the autonomic nervous system. The heart contains a specialized form of muscle called myocardial, also […]

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Paget’s Disease of The Bone – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Paget’s disease Paget’s disease of the bone is a rare and sometimes hereditary condition in which the process of bone remodeling sporadically accelerates. The new bone that forms to replace old bone has increased mass, enlarging the bone structure, though is weaker than normal bone. Paget’s disease of the bone affects bones randomly throughout […]

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Skeleton – Human Bones – Definition, Types and Function

Definition of Skeleton The organization of the bones in the body. The skeleton has two primary organizational divisions: the axial and the appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton consists of the bones that form the body’s axis or perpendicular line, which include the head, rib cage, and spine. It contains 80 bones. The remaining 126 bones arms, […]

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Adhesive Capsulitis Shoulder – Symptoms, Treatment and Surgery

Definition of Adhesive Capsulitis Adhesive Capsulitis shoulder is a condition in which the joint capsule of the shoulder joint fuses (adheres) to the head of the humerus (long bone of the upper arm), causing PAIN and constricting range of motion. Doctors do not know what causes adhesive capsulitis, commonly called frozen shoulder. The condition may […]

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – Treatment, Symptoms, Exercises and Surgery

Definition of Carpal Tunnel Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a collection of symptoms resulting from compression of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel, a narrow channel in the carpal bones of the wrist. The ligaments that form the carpal tunnel can become irritated and inflamed, constricting the median nerve and the tendons […]

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Gout – Diet, Treatment, Causes and Symptoms

What is Gout Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis. Gout develops when uric acid crystals form within the joint capsules, causing irritation and inflammation. Uric acid is a waste byproduct of the metabolism of forms of protein (nucleic acids) called purines. Purines occur naturally in the body as well as in meats consumed in the diet […]

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Muscle Relaxant Medications

Definition of Muscle Relaxant Medications Muscle relaxant medications are medications that relieve muscle spasms, cramps, and stiffness. Some muscle relaxants are also called antispasmodic medications. Doctors may prescribe these medications to treat acute back pain, acute sprains, severe muscle tension headache, and muscle spasticity due to conditions such as cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, muscular dystrophy, fibromyalgia, […]

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Patellofemoral Syndrome – Pain, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Patellofemoral Syndrome Patellofemoral syndrome is Pain at or around the patella (kneecap) that often is worse when walking or running downhill or going down steps. Many people also experience the same kind of pain when sitting with the knees bent for a prolonged time. Doctors believe patellofemoral syndrome results from a combination of factors […]

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