Teeth – Definition and Function

Teeth Definition and Information Calcified formations that grow from the gums in the mouth. The teeth are necessary for cutting, tearing, and chewing the food as well as for forming the sounds of language. A person develops two sets of teeth during his or her lifetime. The first set, the primary teeth, erupts around six […]

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Athletic Injuries – Acute and Chronic – Information and Definition

What are Athletic Injuries Accidental injuries that occur during athletic activities or sporting events. Though a certain degree of risk is inherent in athletic events, particularly competitions, most athletic injuries occur for three main reasons. They are Inadequate conditioning or training Insufficient warm-up and pre-event preparation Inappropriate or improperly fitted clothing, shoes, equipment, or protective […]

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Cramp – Muscle and Menstruation

Definition of Cramp Cramp is a painful, involuntary, and often extended contraction of a muscle. Cramps may occur in any muscle and often occur with overuse, such as writer’s cramp and leg cramps during running. Overexertion, dehydration, and fatigue are key contributors to muscle cramps. Uterine cramps are common with menstruation. Gentle stretching and massage can relieve […]

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Knee Injuries – Definition, Symptoms, Types, Stages, Treatment

Definition of  Knee Injuries Sprains, strains, cartilage tears, and fractures involving the structures of the knee. The knee is a hinge joint that allows the leg to flex (bend back) and straighten, essential actions of walking. Unique among hinge joints in the body, the knee also allows a small amount of rotation. The knee is vulnerable to […]

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Osgood-Schlatter Disease/Syndrome – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease is a disorder of the epiphysis (growth plate) of the tibia, the long bone in the lower leg (shin bone) that typically develops in athletically active adolescents. Adolescence is the period during which growth of the long bones is very rapid. The patellar tendon stretches across the head of the […]

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Reiter’s Syndrome – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Reiter’s Syndrome Reiter’s syndrome – An inflammatory disorder commonly associated with infection by the microbe Chlamydia trachomatis. Other pathogens that cause gastroenteritis or sexually transmitted diseases (STDS) may also be responsible. Reiter’s syndrome involves three components: Urethritis, reactive arthritis (arthritis that develops in reaction to infection elsewhere in the body), and conjunctivitis. People who have Reiter’s […]

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Temporomandibular Disorders – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Temporomandibular Disorders A group of conditions in which there is inflammation and often degeneration of the temporomandibular joint, the large joint that connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the temporal bone of the cranium. There are numerous possible causes for temporomandibular disorders, ranging from a congenital anomaly of structure (such as uneven bite) to osteoarthritis and grinding […]

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Crepitus – Definition and Information

Definition of Crepitus Crepitus is a cracking, clicking, or snapping sound, also called crepitation, that occurs with movement of a joint. Crepitus may occur in normal, healthy joints though is often quite pronounced in degenerative joint disorders in which the surfaces of joint structures are rough or irregular and protective cartilage structures have deteriorated. Crepitus is a common […]

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Kyphosis of Spine – Definition and Treatement

Definition of Kyphosis of Spine Kyphosis is a deformity of the upper spine that gives the appearance of a hump in the upper back. Kyphosis may represent a congenital anomaly in the structure of the spine or may develop later in life as a consequence of damage to the cartilage disks between the vertebrae that allow the vertebrae to slide […]

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