Meniscectomy and Operation Knee

Definition of Meniscectomy Meniscectomy is surgical operation to remove part or all of a damaged meniscus in the knee. Each knee has two menisci, C-shaped pads of cartilage that cushion the ends of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) as they come together within the knee joint. Meniscus tears are common athletic injuries and occur when there is torsion under […]

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Osteoporosis – Definition, Symptoms, Treatment and Medications

Definition of Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a condition of diminished bone density (the extent of mineralization of the bones). Though some loss of mineralization is a normal process of aging, osteoporosis represents an accelerated loss that causes health problems. Osteoporosis weakens the BONE structure; increases the risk for fracture; and may result in bone deformities, particularly of the […]

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Skeletal Dysplasia – Definition and Information

Definition of Skeletal Dysplasia Dysfunctional growth of the skeleton such that the person is of significantly short stature. There are numerous forms of skeletal dysplasia, commonly and collectively called dwarfism, most of which are hereditary. Skeletal dysplasia may also occur as a result of hormone deficiencies during childhood. Each type presents characteristic symptoms. In general, skeletal dysplasias […]

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Achondroplasia – Genetic Disorder – Dwarfism, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Achondroplasia and Dwarfism Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder in which the rate cartilage cells (chondrocytes) convert to bone cells is greatly slower than normal, resulting in skeletal abnormalities such as shortened limbs and diminished height. Achondroplasia is the most common cause of skeletal dysplasia, commonly called dwarfism. Though achondroplasia can occur as an autosomal dominant inherited […]

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Calcium and Bone Health – Density and Sources

Calcium and Bone Health The correlation between dietary intake of calcium and the density and strength of the bones. Calcium is essential for proper bone structure, strength, and mass. The bones contain about 99 percent of the calcium in the body. From before birth until about age 30, the body adds calcium and other minerals to bone […]

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Gangrene Disease, Infection, Treatment, Causes and Symptoms

Causes of Gangrene and Symptoms Gangrene – The death of tissue (necrosis) resulting from deprivation of blood circulation to an area of the body. Gangrene most commonly affects the digits (fingers and toes) and extremities (hands and feet). Frostbite, peripheral vascular disease (pvd), nephropathy of diabetes, severe infection (such as clostridial infections and necrotizing fasciitis), and Raynaud’s syndrome are common causes of […]

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Muscle (Skeletal) of The Body – Definition and Function

Definition of Skeletal Muscle Contractile fibers or the structures these fibers form. Muscles move the body, some under voluntary control and others reflexively. The gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, and blood vessels contain smooth (nonstriated) muscle, which is under involuntary control of the autonomic nervous system. The heart contains a specialized form of muscle called myocardial, also […]

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Paget’s Disease of The Bone – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Paget’s disease Paget’s disease of the bone is a rare and sometimes hereditary condition in which the process of bone remodeling sporadically accelerates. The new bone that forms to replace old bone has increased mass, enlarging the bone structure, though is weaker than normal bone. Paget’s disease of the bone affects bones randomly throughout […]

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Skeleton – Human Bones – Definition, Types and Function

Definition of Skeleton The organization of the bones in the body. The skeleton has two primary organizational divisions: the axial and the appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton consists of the bones that form the body’s axis or perpendicular line, which include the head, rib cage, and spine. It contains 80 bones. The remaining 126 bones arms, […]

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Adhesive Capsulitis Shoulder – Symptoms, Treatment and Surgery

Definition of Adhesive Capsulitis Adhesive Capsulitis shoulder is a condition in which the joint capsule of the shoulder joint fuses (adheres) to the head of the humerus (long bone of the upper arm), causing PAIN and constricting range of motion. Doctors do not know what causes adhesive capsulitis, commonly called frozen shoulder. The condition may […]

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