Occupational therapy is a therapeutic approach to teach people the skills they need for living as independently as possible with long-term injury or disability. Occupational therapy focuses on techniques and devices to make easier the activities and events of daily living, aiding with such circumstances as recovery after STROKE, developmental disability in children, and rehabilitation after serious injury or surgery. The doctor may also recommend occupational therapy for people who have neuromuscular disorders, MYOPATHY, NEUROPATHY, and CHRONIC PAIN syndromes. Occupational therapists also conduct home visits to recommend environmental adaptations to reduce the risk of falls as well as to accommodate factors such as wheelchair accessibility. In the United States occupational therapy services require a prescription from a doctor.
See also PHYSICAL THERAPY; QUALITY OF LIFE.