Surgical operation is a procedure to enter the body and conduct a repair, remove a tumor, or in some other way alter a structure or organ. A surgical operation takes place under sterile conditions in a controlled environment, an operating room, used exclusively for surgery.

Minor operations may take place in AMBULATORY SURGERY centers and specialized surgical clinics; major operations take place in hospitals that have sophisticated facilities and experienced staff to provide care before, during, and after surgery. Though traditionally the term surgery has applied to the medical specialty of surgery, many people now use the terms operation and surgery interchangeably.

Common Surgical Operations

Common Surgical Operations
Surgical OperationPurpose
adenoidectomyremove chronically infected and enlarged adenoids
APPENDECTOMYremove an inflamed or infected APPENDIX
ATHERECTOMYremove ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUE deposits from within arteries
BLEPHAROPLASTYrepair or reconstruction of the eyelids
CHOLECYSTECTOMYremove the GALLBLADDER
colectomyremove part or all of the COLON
COLOSTOMYcreate a passage from colon through the abdominal wall
craniotomyoperations on the BRAIN and related structures, PITUITARY GLAND
cystectomyremove the urinary BLADDER
ENDARTERECTOMYremove an occlusion from an ARTERY
EPISIOTOMYincision to widen the vaginal opening during CHILDBIRTH
GASTRECTOMYremove part or all of the STOMACH
hernioplastyrepair of a HERNIA
HYSTERECTOMYremove the UTERUS
LAMINECTOMYremove a vertebral disk
laparotomyoperations on structures of the abdomen such as the intestines, LIVER, appendix, uterus, OVARIESFALLOPIAN TUBES
LARYNGECTOMYremove the larynx
lobectomyremove a lobe of the LUNGS
MASTECTOMYremove a BREAST
NEPHRECTOMYremove a kidney
nephrotomyremove a tumor or remove kidney stones
OOPHORECTOMYremove ovaries
ORCHIECTOMYremove a testicle
OTOPLASTYrepair or reconstruction of the outer EAR
pneumonectomyremove an entire lung
PROSTATECTOMYremove the PROSTATE GLAND
resectionremove (excise) a portion of a structure
RHINOPLASTYrepair or reconstruction of the NOSE
RHYTIDOPLASTYrepair or reconstruction of the face (facelift)
salpingectomyremove a fallopian tube
SPLENECTOMYremove the SPLEEN
THORACOTOMYoperations on structures within the chest except the HEART
tonsillectomyremove chronically infected and enlarged tonsils
TRACHEOSTOMYcreate a passage from the TRACHEA through the surface of the neck
TYMPANOPLASTYrepair or reconstruction of the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE (eardrum)
VASECTOMYremove a segment of the VAS DEFERENS

See also ARTHROSCOPY; BARIATRIC SURGERY; CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION; CATARACT EXTRACTION AND LENS REPLACEMENT; CESAREAN SECTIONENDOSCOPY; JOINT REPLACEMENT; LASER SURGERYMINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY; MOHS’ SURGERYPLASTIC SURGERYREFRACTIVE SURGERYSURGERY BENEFIT AND RISK ASSESSMENT; TUBAL LIGATION.

Surgical operation – information and types
Rate this post

About The Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *