Respiration Rate for Adults and Children

Definition of Respiration Rate The number of respiratory cycles a person completes in one minute. A typical healthy adult has a rate of 15 to 20 per minute, measured by counting each inhalation or each exhalation (a respiratory cycle is one of each). Normally is lower at rest and during sleep, and accelerates as well as […]

Read More

Respiratory Cycle – Definition and Human Lungs

Definition of Respiratory Cycle Respiratory Cycle is one repetition of the pattern of inhalation (BREATHING air into the LUNGS), OXYGEN-CARBON DIOXIDE EXCHANGE, and exhalation (breathing air out of the lungs). In health a typical adult completes 15 to 20 respiratory cycles a minute, called the RESPIRATION RATE. The brainstem regulates the respiratory cycle in response to feedback mechanisms from other […]

Read More

Thoracentesis procedure – what is and definition

What is Thoracentesis procedure and definition Thoracentesis is the removal of fluid from the pleural cavity (the space between the pleural surfaces of the lung and thoracic cavity). The doctor typically uses chest X-RAY, ULTRASOUND, or COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) SCAN to assess the appropriate site for the thoracentesis and may use any of these imaging procedures […]

Read More

Thoracotomy surgery (procedure) – definition and complications

What is Thoracotomy surgery, procedure and definition Thoracotomy is a major OPERATION in which the surgeon opens the chest cavity to remove part or all of a lung. Surgeons most commonly perform thoracotomy to treat LUNG CANCER or severe trauma to the lungs. Other reasons for thoracotomy include LUNG ABSCESS that does not respond to antibiotic therapy, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE […]

Read More

Aging, pulmonary changes that occur with

What is this article about? The LUNGS and tracheobronchial structures undergo few but significant changes over the course of the lifespan. From moments after birth to near the end of life the lungs function continuously and consistently, bringing air into the body to deliver oxygen to the BLOOD and carrying air out of the body […]

Read More

Tracheostomy Procedure – Definition and Complications

Definition of Tracheostomy Procedure Tracheostomy is a surgical opening created in the TRACHEA to allow air to enter the LUNGS, bypassing the upper throat and mouth. A tracheostomy may be temporary or permanent. The doctor may perform a tracheostomy when extensive surgery such as to treat laryngeal CANCERresults in removing the shared structures of the throat that allow air […]

Read More

Auscultation (lung) – Heart and Breath Sounds

Definition of Auscultation Auscultation is the diagnostic procedure of listening to the LUNGS using a STETHOSCOPE held to various placements on the chest and back. Auscultation allows the doctor to hear normal and abnormal BREATH SOUNDS, the noises of air flowing through the respiratory tract. The doctor typically listens to the same location for each lung, to compare the sounds, and […]

Read More

Breathing Exercises – Deep Breathing and Yoga

Definition of Breathing Exercises Breathing exercises are methods to improve lung capacity. Exercises are especially helpful for people who have chronic or progressive lung conditions such as CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD), BRONCHIECTASIS, and PULMONARY FIBROSIS. The pulmonologist or respiratory therapist may prescribe specific breathing exercises to accommodate an individual’s unique needs and health status. General exercises often recommended include […]

Read More

Bronchoalveolar lavage and Bronchoscopy

Definition of Bronchoalveolar Lavage Bronchoalveolar lavage is a diagnostic procedure that washes cells from the bronchi and alveoli for laboratory examination. The doctor does bronchoalveolar lavage during BRONCHOSCOPY, blocking a small section of the bronchial segment to instill and then withdraw sterile saline. The solution contains cells from the inner lung structures that can provide diagnostic […]

Read More

Bronchoscopy Procedure – Definition

Definition of Bronchoscopy Procedure Bronchoscopy is a diagnostic procedure in which the doctor uses a flexible, lighted endoscope, inserted through the THROAT and into the airways under sedation or ANESTHESIA, to view the TRACHEA, bronchi, and other structures of the respiratory tract. The doctor also can watch the LUNGS in motion, assessing air movement and filling. Bronchoscopy is an […]

Read More