Bartholin’s cyst – what is, causes and treatment

What is Bartholin’s cyst A fluid-filled enlargement of a Bartholin’s gland. There are two Bartholin’s glands, one on each side of the entrance to the VAGINA. Normally undetectable, the Bartholin’s glands produce secretions that lubricate the vaginal opening. A cyst may form when the duct that allows the secretions to drain from the gland becomes […]

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Contraception – male, female – definition, types and methods

Contraception Definition Any of various methods, also called birth control, intended to prevent PREGNANCY. Contraception allows sexually active women and their partners to prevent as well as plan pregnancies. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first oral contraceptive in 1960. Thirteen years later the US Supreme Court legalized elective ABORTION. Though they remain […]

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Fallopian Tubes – what is, definition and blocked

What is Fallopian Tubes and Definition A pair of narrow enclosed channels that transport OVA (eggs) from the OVARIES to the UTERUS. The fallopian tubes extend from the top of the uterus, one on each side, curving downward to end just short of the ovaries. The ovary end of the fallopian tube is somewhat fluted with fringelike edges […]

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Hysteroscopy procedure – risks and side effects

What is Hysteroscopy procedure Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure to examine the interior of the UTERUSusing a lighted magnifying endoscope. Hysteroscopy is an outpatient surgical procedure that requires regional or general ANESTHESIA. After the administration of anesthesia the gynecologist dilates the CERVIX and inserts the lighted, flexible tube of the hysteroscope into the uterus and fills the uterus […]

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Morning Sickness – symptoms, cures and pregnancy

What is and Symptoms Morning Sickness – The NAUSEA and VOMITING that may occur during PREGNANCY, notably in the first trimester though it may continue through the second trimester and occasionally for the duration of the pregnancy.The term morning sickness is a misnomer as the nausea may occur at any time, day or night. However, many […]

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Pelvic Examination procedure

What is Pelvic Examination Pelvic Examination procedure is a manual and visual examination of a woman’s VULVA, VAGINA, and CERVIX. A routine pelvic examination has three parts: visual examination of the external GENITALIA, bimanual palpation, and speculum examination of the inner vagina and the cervix. A pelvic examination is painless and is part of a ROUTINE MEDICAL EXAMINATION for […]

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Prostate health

What is Prostate health Prostate health – Measures a man can take throughout his life to maintain healthy function of his PROSTATE GLAND. The prostate gland, which wraps around the URETHRA at the base of the BLADDER, produces the primary volume of SEMEN, the fluid that carries SPERM out of the body during EJACULATION, and the enzyme PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (PSA), which thins the semen to […]

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Stillbirth – what is and causes

What is Stillbirth and Causes The death of the FETUS after 24 weeks of gestation. There are numerous causes for stillbirth; often the reason remains unknown. Sometimes the obstetrician cannot detect the fetal heartbeat during a routine PRENATAL CARE visit; more often the woman notices the fetus has stopped moving. An ULTRASOUND can confirm the death, after which the […]

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VBAC – vaginal birth after cesarean section and risks

What is VBAC Vaginal birth after CESAREAN SECTION. In cesarean section, the obstetrician makes a surgical incision through the wall of the UTERUS to deliver the baby, then sutures (stitches) the incision closed. The SCAR that forms when the surgical wound heals is somewhat weaker than the surrounding MUSCLE of the uterus. When the incision is low and […]

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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) – symptoms and treatment

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) A noncancerous enlargement, also called benign prostatic hypertrophy, of a man’s PROSTATE GLAND. BPH is common in men over age 60 and is a condition of aging. Though BPH is not cancer, some men who have BPH do develop PROSTATE CANCER. Researchers do not know what causes BPH though believe the […]

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