Amenorrhea – definition, primary and secondary Amenorrhea

What is Amenorrhea and Definition Amenorrhea – The absence of menstrual periods. Primary amenorrhea occurs when a young woman does not begin menstruating by age 16; secondary amenorrheaoccurs in women who have been menstruating and then stop (miss six or more consecutive periods). Primary Amenorrhea and Secondary Amenorrhea Primary amenorrhea may result from GENETIC DISORDERS such as TURNER’S SYNDROME […]

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Childbirth

What is Childbirth Childbirth – The passage of the FETUS from the UTERUS to independent life outside the woman’s body as PREGNANCY culminates. The physiologic processes that establish this passage are labor and delivery (vaginal birth); childbirth may also occur as a surgical procedure (CESAREAN SECTION). Labor refers to the progressively intense contractions of the uterus that dilate and efface (stretch and […]

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Endometrial Cancer – what is, signs, symptoms, stages and treatment

What is Endometrial Cancer A malignant (cancerous) tumor, sometimes called uterine cancer, that arises from the tissues of the endometrium, the lining of the UTERUS. Often endometrial cancer is HORMONE driven, which means it requires ESTROGENS to grow. Doctors in the United States diagnose endometrial cancer in about 40,000 women each year; it is the fourth most common cancer […]

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Gestational Surrogacy – what is and definition

What is Gestational Surrogacy A circumstance in which one woman carries a PREGNANCY for another woman who cannot carry it herself. Gestational surrogacy is among the possible solutions for INFERTILITY, typically in circumstances such as uterine malformation that prevent successful implantation or carrying the pregnancy to term. The woman who carries the pregnancy is the gestational […]

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Ova / ovum – what is, definition and ovulation

What are Ova and Definition The female cells of reproduction, also called eggs or gametes. An ovum, also called an oocyte (single egg cell), is a haploid cell; it contains one half of the genetic material necessary for human life. At birth the OVARIES contain about 400,000 follicles, each of which holds a single immature ovum. At PUBERTY the […]

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Pregnancy – information, confirming, signs and changes during pregnancy

What is Pregnancy The series of events, extending from CONCEPTION to delivery (CHILDBIRTH), through which a blastocyst (the clump of cells that implants in the endometrium, the lining of the UTERUS) becomes a baby. A full-term pregnancy spans 266 days. However, doctors calculate the estimated date of delivery, commonly called the due date, to be 280 days from […]

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Sexual Dysfunction – symptoms, causes and treatment

What is Sexual Dysfunction Sexual Dysfunction – Physical or psychologic circumstances that interfere with sexual interest or sexual activity. Most people experience some degree of sexual dysfunction over the course of their lifetimes. The causes of sexual dysfunction are numerous; most are transient (improve or go away with time). Physical illness, injury, surgery, disability, medication side […]

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Uterus – myometrium and endometrium

What is Uterus Uterus – The hollow muscular organ that supports and contains a PREGNANCY. Eight ligaments—one anterior, one posterior, two round, two broad (also called lateral), and two uterosacral—suspend the pear-shaped uterus in the lower central abdomen (pelvis), with the narrow end of the uterus angled somewhat downward. This suspension system allows the uterus, also called […]

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Amniocentesis procedure / test and Risks

What is Amniocentesis procedure / test Amniocentesis is a diagnostic procedure to withdraw a sample of AMNIOTIC FLUID from the UTERUS of a pregnant woman to obtain information about the health status of the FETUS. Obstetricians use amniocentesis, typically performed during the second trimester of PREGNANCY, to help diagnose GENETIC DISORDERS and health conditions of the developing fetus such as DOWN SYNDROME or SPINA BIFIDA and […]

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