Cervix – what is

What is Cervix Cervix – The neck of the UTERUS, a thick cuff of muscular tissue about one inch in length that joins the VAGINA to the uterus. A narrow channel through the cervix, the cervical canal, allows menstrual material to leave and SPERM to enter the uterus. The opening of the cervix within the uterus is the internal os; the […]

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Ejaculation – what is, definition

What is Ejaculation and Definition The forceful contractions that expel SEMEN from the erect PENIS during the male ORGASM. Though ejaculation occurs as a result of sexual stimulation, the muscular contractions that produce ejaculation are not within voluntary control. Ejaculation moves semen (SPERM and seminal fluid) from the seminal vesicles, VAS DEFERENS, and PROSTATE GLAND into the URETHRA, and then ejects […]

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Genitalia – male / female – definition and what is

What is Genitalia and Definition The collective term for the organs and structures of reproduction, also called the sex organs or the genitals. Male genitalia The external male genitalia are the PENIS and SCROTUM; the internal male genitalia are the URETHRA, TESTICLES, VAS DEFERENS, bulbourethral glands (also called Cowper’s glands), ejaculatory ducts, seminal vesicles, spermatic cords, and PROSTATE GLAND. […]

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Mastalgia – cyclic – symptoms and treatment

What is Mastalgia Painful breasts. Cyclic mastalgia in women occurs commonly with MENSTRUATION. Noncyclic mastalgia in women may indicate MASTITIS (INFLAMMATION, often the result of bacterial INFECTION). Mastalgia in women is also common during PREGNANCY and BREASTFEEDING. Mastalgia is uncommon in men and signals an underlying condition that requires a doctor’s evaluation. Mastalgia Symptoms and Treatment Mastalgia […]

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Orchitis – infection – definition, symptoms and treatment

What is Orchitis and Definition Orchitis – INFLAMMATION of one testicle or both TESTICLES, often due to INFECTION. Bacterial infection may result from SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS) such as GONORRHEA or SYPHILIS. MUMPS, a viral INFECTION that primarily affects the SALIVARY GLANDS, is a common cause of orchitis, particularly when the mumps VIRUS infects adult men. Symptoms of Orchitis infection The symptoms of orchitis are PAIN and […]

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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – symptoms and treatment

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome A condition in which the OVARIES produce excessive ANDROGENS, the male sex hormones, resulting in irregular menstrual cycles and often anovulation (absence of egg maturation and release). A common characteristic of PCOS is the formation of multiple and often numerous cysts within the follicles of the ovaries. Polycystic ovary syndrome, sometimes called […]

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Secondary sexual characteristics

The physical changes that distinguish the genders from each other. Secondary sexual characteristics emerge with PUBERTY and establish sexual and reproductive maturity: males produce viable SPERM capable of causing PREGNANCY, and females produce ripened OVA (eggs) capable of fertilization that results in pregnancy. FEMALE SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERISTICS growth of pubic and axillary (underarm) HAIR thickened and coarse or […]

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Uterine Fibroids – symptoms and treatment

What are Uterine Fibroids Uterine Fibroids – Benign (noncancerous) tumors of connective tissue and MUSCLE that grow from the walls of the UTERUS.Uterine fibroids, also called uterine leiomyomas or fibromyomas, may grow inward into the inner cavity of the uterus (submucosal fibroids), within the layers of the myometrium (muscular wall of the uterus), or outward from the myometrium […]

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Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP) – levels and pregnancy

What is Alpha fetoprotein (AFP) A protein the LIVER produces. In PREGNANCY the amount of AFP in the woman’s BLOOD circulation increases, reflecting the activity of the FETUS’s liver as it develops and becomes functional. A blood test measures AFP in the woman’s blood circulation early in the second trimester, between 15 and 22 weeks of […]

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Cesarean Section procedure and complications

What is Cesarean Section procedure Cesarean Section – Surgical CHILDBIRTH. In cesarean (spelled caesarean in countries other than the United States) section, the obstetrician makes an incision through the abdominal wall and the wall of the UTERUS to extract the FETUS. Doctors in the United States perform cesarean section, also called c-section, to deliver 90 percent of breech presentations (fetus […]

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