Chorionic Villi Sampling (CVS)

What is Chorionic Villus Sampling Chorionic Villi Sampling (CVS) is a diagnostic procedure, also called chorionic villus sampling, in which the obstetrician removes small clusters of cells from the hairlike edges of the PLACENTA, the chorionic villi, during PREGNANCY. The cells in this sample provide genetic information about the FETUS that can rule out or diagnose GENETIC DISORDERS such as CYSTIC FIBROSIS and TAY-SACHS DISEASE, […]

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Endometriosis – what is, symptoms, causes and treatment

What is Endometriosis Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue (the tissue that forms the lining of the UTERUS) grows abnormally in areas outside the uterus. The most common sites are the OVARIES, FALLOPIAN TUBES, peritoneal (abdominal) cavity, gastrointestinal tract (particularly the COLON), and BLADDER, though endometrial tissue may appear in other locations throughout the body. Endometrial growths, […]

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Hematospermia – Blood in the Semen – causes and treatment

What is Hematospermia, causes and treatment Hematospermia – BLOOD in the SEMEN that may be apparent with EJACULATION. Trauma and INFECTIONare the main causes of hematospermia. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES (STDS), notably GONORRHEA and CHLAMYDIA, are common infections that irritate and inflame the URETHRA, often causing bleeding into both the URINE (HEMATURIA) and the semen as either passes through the urethra to leave the body. Less common causes of hematospermia […]

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Menarche – first menstrual period

What is Menarche A woman’s first menstrual period, the start of MENSTRUATION and the beginning of FERTILITY. The average age of menarche varies among cultures and countries throughout the world and largely correlates with nutritional well-being. In the United States the average age of menarche is 121⁄2; in rural regions of South Africa the average age of menarche […]

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Ovaries defintion and function

What are Ovaries, Definition and Function Ovaries – The female organs of reproduction, also called the female gonads. The ovaries produce OVA (eggs) and sex hormones, predominantly ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE as well as small amounts of ANDROGENS. A woman has two ovaries, one ovary on each side of the UTERUS in the lower abdomen. Ligaments suspend the ovaries in place within the […]

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Premature ovarian failure (POF) – symptoms and treatment

What is Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) A health condition in which a woman’s OVARIES stop functioning before age 40. Premature Ovarian Failure is a leading cause of INFERTILITY in women. Though POF causes MENOPAUSE-like symptoms and people (including doctors) sometimes refer to it as premature menopause, women who have POF often have irregular menstrual cycles for years after the onset […]

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Sexual intercourse – definition

What is Sexual intercourse and Definition Sexual activity that involves penetration between sexual partners. In conventional context sexual intercourse is the insertion of a man’s erect PENIS into a woman’s VAGINA and is the primary mechanism of human reproduction. Male EJACULATION propels SEMEN into the vagina, where the SPERM it contains may unite with an egg (ovum) if the […]

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Vagina of women – hymen and vaginal mucosa

What is a Vagina of Women The muscular passageway between the CERVIX and the VULVA (outside of the body). The vagina serves as the portal through which the menstrual flow leaves the body with MENSTRUATION, the erect PENIS enters during SEXUAL INTERCOURSE, and the FETUS passes during CHILDBIRTH. The outer structures of the vagina are strong muscles that have the ability to […]

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Andropause in men – symptoms and treatment

What is Andropause in Men and Symptoms Andropause – a term sometimes used to describe the physical and emotional changes men experience at midlife. The amount of TESTOSTERONE, the primary male sex HORMONE, in a man’s BLOOD circulation begins to slowly and steadily decline after reaching its peak in the early to middle 20s. By age 75, testosterone […]

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Circumcision – surgical removal of the foreskin

What is Circumcision Circumcision – the surgical removal of the foreskin (prepuce), the thin hood of SKIN that covers the end of the PENIS. The reason for circumcision may be therapeutic, religious, ceremonial, hygienic, cultural, or social. About two thirds of newborn boys in the United States are circumcised shortly after birth for nontherapeutic reasons. Nontherapeutic circumcision should take […]

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