Episiotomy – Definition and Healing

Definition of Episiotomy and Definition Episiotomy is a surgical incision through the tissues of the perineum to extend the opening of the vaginaduring childbirth. The most common types of episiotomy are the midline (median) incision, which extends from the vaginal opening toward the anus, and the mediolateral incision, which extends from the vaginal opening diagonally to either […]

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Hydrocele – Diagnosis, Causes, Tretament and Surgery

Definition of Hydrocele A fluid-filled growth, similar to a cyst, that develops in the scrotum. Most hydroceles are congenital (present at birth) and occur as a result of incomplete closure of the channel through which the testicle descends from the abdomen to the scrotum. The defect allows peritoneal fluid to seep from the abdominal cavity into […]

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Menstrual Cycle – Phases – Menstrual Disturbances and Pregnancy

Definition of Menstrual Cycle The pattern of hormonal and physiologic changes that occur that occur in a woman’s body in preparation for possible pregnancy. Though the average menstrual cycle spans 28 days, the frequency of menstruation varies widely among women and often within each woman individually. Menstrual cycles may be as short as 25 days or as […]

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Paget’s Disease of The Breast – Cancer- Symptoms, Signs, Diagnosis

Definition of Paget’s Disease of The Breast A rare presentation of breast cancer, also called Paget’s disease of the nipple. Researchers believe Paget’s disease of the breast occurs when disordered cells from a cancer within the breast migrate to the skin surface, most likely through the milk ducts, to infiltrate the tissues of the outer breast […]

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Prenatal Care – Definition, First, Second and third Trimester

Definition of Prenatal Care and Definition Prenatal Care – Routine and preventive health care provided during pregnancy to safeguard the health and well-being of the woman and the fetus. In the United States routine prenatal care consists of regular visits to the health-care provider (family practitioner, obstetrician, or nurse midwife), urine and blood tests, blood pressure checks, and additional diagnostic procedures as needed such […]

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Sperm – Definition, Function – Spermatogenesis and Fertilization

Definition of Sperm and Function The male cells of reproduction, also called gametes. A spermatozoon (single sperm cell) is a haploid cell; it contains one half of the genetic material necessary for human life. The epididymis within the testicle (also called the testis) produces sperm, a process called spermatogenesis, at the rate of hundreds of millions […]

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Varicocele – Definition, Symptoms, Treatment and Surgery

Definition of Varicocele and Symptoms A varicose vein in the testicle. Varicose veins are dilated, twisted, and often nonfunctioning veins that develop for numerous reasons. Varicocele affects the blood flow that leaves the testicles. Blood that accumulates in the testicles can raise the temperature within the scrotum high enough to interfere with proper sperm formation (spermatogenesis) and maturation, resulting in infertility. A […]

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Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and Pregnancy

Definition of ART – Assisted Reproductive Technology Medical interventions to produce pregnancy. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which has a mandate under federal law to report the success rates of ART at fertility clinics in the United States each year, defines ART as any method that involves manipulation of both sperm and OVA […]

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Colposcopy – Definition and Information

Definition of Colposcopy A diagnostic procedure in which the gynecologist examines a woman’s external genitalia and the interior vagina using a lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope. The gynecologist may also visualize the cervix though the colposcope remains outside the vagina. The colposcope allows the gynecologist to more closely examine the surface of the genital tissues when a pelvic examination or a pap test reveals […]

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Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Erectile Dysfunction Erectile Dysfunction – The reduced ability or inability for a man’s penis to become erect or sustain an erection adequate for sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction, sometimes called impotence, may occur as a physiologic condition, psychologic or emotional condition, or combination. Most commonly, however, all of these factors contribute to the condition. About 25 million men […]

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