Fertility – male and female – what is, factors and treatment

What is Fertility The ability to conceive a PREGNANCY, and in women to also carry the pregnancy to term. Men and women both become fertile during PUBERTY, when sexual maturity results in the development of SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERISTICS. Men remain fertile all of their lives and are fertile on a continuous basis; women remain fertile through their […]

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Intraductal papilloma – benign, noncancerous tumor

What is Intraductal Papilloma of breast A benign (noncancerous) tumor that grows within a lactiferous duct (milk duct) of a woman’s BREAST. Intraductal papilloma is the most common cause of nipple discharge, which is its primary symptom. The discharge may be milky, clear, or blood tinged. A woman may notice only slight staining on her […]

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Neonatal Jaundice – what is and treatment

What is Neonatal Jaundice A condition in which the newborn infant’s LIVER cannot yet properly destroy old erythrocytes (red BLOOD cells), resulting in the accumulation of BILIRUBIN in the blood circulation. The excessive bilirubin, a pigmented protein compound, gives the SKIN a characteristic yellowish orange hue. Neonatal JAUNDICE, also called physiologic jaundice of the newborn, […]

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Penis – definition and function

What is Penis, definition and function Penis is the male organ for URINATION and SEXUAL INTERCOURSE. The penis is an elongated, cylindrical structure made of connective and erectile tissue that extends outside the body from the base of the pelvis. Ligaments attach the root of the penis (segment within the body) to the pubic bone at the front of […]

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Prostatectomy surgery / radical – risks and side effects

What is Prostatectomy Surgery A surgical OPERATION to remove part or all of the PROSTATE GLAND. The prostate gland encircles the URETHRA at the base of the BLADDER. It produces the fluid that mixes with SPERM to form SEMENand produces the enzyme PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (PSA), which facilitates sperm motility after EJACULATION. Prostatectomy is primarily treatment for PROSTATE CANCER and BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA […]

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Testicular Self-Examination

What is Testicular Self-Examination A technique by which a man checks his TESTICLES for lumps, PAIN, and other abnormalities as a means of early detection of TESTICULAR CANCER and noncancerous conditions that may affect the testicles and a man’s fertility, such as VARICOCELE and HYDROCELE. The primary purpose of Testicular Self-Examination is to familiarize a man with the characteristics and anatomy of […]

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Zygote definition

What is Zygote and Definition The cell that results when a spermatozoon (SPERM cell) penetrates an ovum (egg cell) during fertilization. Each GAMETE (sperm and ovum) is a haploid cell; it contains one half the genetic material necessary to support life. The zygote is a diploid cell; it contains all the DNA necessary to create a new […]

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The Reproductive System – human – male and female

The organs and functions of the reproductive system make possible the creation of new life. Physician specialists who treat health conditions of the male reproductive system are urologists. Physician specialists who treat health conditions of the female reproductive system are gynecologists. Health-care providers who provide care during PREGNANCY and CHILDBIRTH are obstetricians (physician specialists) and […]

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Breast health – information, menstrual cycle and breast cancer

Breast Health Information Measures a woman can take throughout her life to maintain the best possible health for her breasts. Because there is such wide variation around what is “normal” when it comes to breasts, health experts urge women to become familiar with the appearance and feel of their own breasts so they can easily […]

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Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB) – Symptoms and Treatment

What is Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB) – bleeding from the UTERUS through the VAGINA that occurs outside the hormonal bleeding normally associated with the MENSTRUAL CYCLE. Doctors believe DUB results from an imbalance between ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE, the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, which allows the endometrium (lining of the uterus) to grow unchecked. The excess tissue dies and […]

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