Typhoid Fever – Symptoms and Treatment

Typhoid Fever Definition An illness resulting from infection with the bacterium salmonella typhi. Typhoid fever is rare in the United States, and most people who have the illness acquire the infection while traveling in regions of the world where typhoid fever is endemic. Substandard community sanitation is the key risk for the spread of typhoid […]

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Anthrax Disease – Definition, Symptoms, Treatment

Anthrax Definition An illness resulting from infection with the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is a naturally occurring infection among wild and domestic livestock (such as cows, sheep, goats, and antelope). Anthrax is rare in people in the United States, though more common in people who live, work, or travel to countries where anthrax is more common in livestock. […]

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Escherichia (E) Coli Infection and Symptoms

Escherichia (E.) Coli Infection – Definition Escherichia (E.) coli – Illness that results from infection with any of the numerous strains of Escherichia coli bacteria, some of which are normal flora in the human gastrointestinal tract and others that are normal flora in the gastrointestinal tracts of animals consumed as food (such as cattle and poultry). Most strains of E. coli […]

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Botulism Illness – Definition, Symptoms, Treatment

Definition of Botulism Botulism is a potentially life-threatening illness resulting from infection with the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The bacteria are naturally present in soil, where they encase themselves in spores. In the body, the bacteria release a toxin that blocks the release of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that facilitates nerve impulses from neurons to muscle cells, causing paralysis that may range in […]

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Gonorrhea in Women/Men – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Gonorrhea A sexually transmitted disease (STD) resulting from infection with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. N. gonorrhoeae infects 350,000 Americans each year, though public health officials believe another 350,000 people have gonorrhea that goes undiagnosed because they do not know they are infected. Gonorrhea is highly contagious and passes among sexual partners through vaginal intercourse, anal […]

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Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter Jejuni) – Symptoms, Treatment

Definition of Campylobacteriosis and Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacteriosis – an illness that results from infection with the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni. The bacteria are commonly present in domestic birds such as chickens and turkeys without causing illness in the birds; the typical source of infection in people is undercooked poultry (especially chicken) or cross-contamination that occurs from […]

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Listeriosis and Bacteria Listeria – Symptoms and Treatment

Listeriosis and Bacteria Listeria – Definition Listeriosis – an illness that results from infection with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. Listeriosis most often occurs as a foodborne illness and has the potential to cause serious symptoms. Listeria monocytogenes are normally present in soil and can contaminate milking equipment. Animals also can carry Listeria monocytogenes without illness. The most common […]

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Chancroid (Ulcus molle, soft ulcer)

Chancroid Definition This STD is caused by bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi. Haemophilus is gram-negative, partial anaerobic coccobacillus.  Chancroid incubation period may last 3 – 7 days. It is common disease in Africa but in Europe we can see it very rarely. At the beginnig of the infection an erythematous papular lesion appears in anogenital area. Lesion […]

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Lyme Disease – Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Lyme disease Definition Lyme disease – an illness that results from infection with the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi in North America and other Borrelia species in Europe. The bite of the Ixodes scapularis tick, common in wooded areas throughout the northern United States, spreads the infection. B. burgdorferi infection primarily causes flulike symptoms though may also affect the central […]

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Chlamydia – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Chlamydia Illness resulting from infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDS) in the United States, infecting an estimated three million people each year. However, fewer than a third seek treatment because their symptoms are mild or they do not have symptoms and do not know they […]

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