Colorectal Cancer – Definition, Staging, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Colorectal Cancer Malignant growths in the colon, most commonly in the sigmoid colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer is the second-leading cause of death due to cancer in the United States. However, colorectal cancer is also one of the most preventable and, with early detection, among the most treatable kinds of cancer. More than 95 percent of […]

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Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)

Fecal Occult Blood Test Definition Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) – a laboratory test to determine whether there is microscopic (occult) blood in the stool, primarily to screen for colorectal cancer although other conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (ibd) and diverticulosis, can also cause occult bleeding. Two kinds of FOBT kits are available for self-sampling at home, one […]

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Cancer Prevention – How to Prevent Cancer Naturally

Cancer risk factors and lifestyle Cancer claims more than 500,000 lives each year in the United States, and nearly nine million Americans are cancer survivors. Yet all cancers related to tobacco use and excessive alcohol consumption are preventable, and cancer experts believe lifestyle changes could prevent a third or more of most other cancers. The first […]

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BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 Genes (Breast Cancer) – Definition and Information

Definition of Breast Cancer Genes Breast cancer gene 1 and breast cancer gene 2, the first genes in which researchers identified mutations that correlate to increased susceptibility to breast cancer and ovarian cancer. About one in six women who have either of these cancers have mutations in either or both of the genes. Many are women […]

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CA-125 – Cancer Antigen (Tumor and Blood) – Definition

Definition of Tumor Maker CA-125 Cancer antigen 125, a protein often elevated in the blood circulation when certain cancers are growing in the body. The cells of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes produce CA-125; consequently Cancer antigen 125 levels rise in ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer (cancer of the uterus), and cervical cancer. The most pronounced elevation occurs with ovarian cancer. However, numerous factors other than cancer […]

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Diagnosing cancer – Definition and Information

Definition of Diagnosing Cancer Diagnosing cancer is the procedures and tests that determine whether cancer is present. The diagnostic journey often begins with an unusual finding on a screening procedure, such as a mammogram or prostate specific antigen (psa)blood test, or diagnostic procedure done for another purpose such as an X-RAY or a complete blood count (CBC). Sometimes […]

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Staging and Grading of Cancer

Definition of Cancer Staging The standardized processes and guidelines for assessing the severity of cancer after diagnosis. A cancer’s stage and grade help determine the most effective treatment options. Though each type of cancer has its own specific staging and grading protocol, general methodologies apply to nearly all types of cancer, except leukemia. Cancer Staging The […]

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Tumor Markers – Definition and Types

Definition of Tumor Markers Molecules, often proteins, cancer cells and some other cells produce. Tumor molecules appear in the blood or in the urine, which makes it possible to measure their concentrations. Elevated levels of certain tumor markers indicate the need for further evaluation to determine whether a cancer is present. However, most tumor markers […]

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Lymphoma – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Lymphoma Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the hematopoietic functions of the lymph system that results in the uncontrolled proliferation of lymphocytes, the type of leukocyte  (white blood cell) that the lymph tissues primarily produce. The lymphocytes congregate in the lymph tissues to form tumors. Lymphoma vs Leukemia Leukemia and lymphoma are both cancers […]

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Breast Cancer – Symptoms, Information, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Breast Cancer A malignant (cancerous) tumor that arises in the breast. There are many types of breast cancers, some of which are hormone driven (draw sustenance from estrogens or progesterone) and others that are not. Primary cancer originates in the breast; secondary breast cancer metastasizes (spreads) to the breast from an origin elsewhere in the […]

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