Cancer Treatment Options and Decisions

Cancer Treatment Options The methods and protocols available to treat cancer and its symptoms. Most cancer treatment involves a combination of methods. There are a number of conventional treatment options for cancer: Surgery for cancer, in which the doctor performs an operation to remove the cancer, is the treatment of first choice for most solid […]

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Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection and Cancer

Definition of Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection Surgery to remove and biopsy the first lymph node in the lymph network that drains lymph from the location of a cancerous tumor. The sentinel node is important in determining the course of treatment for the cancer because it would be the first lymph structure to which cancer cells would migrate […]

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Surgery for Cancer – Information, Types, Risks

What is Surgery for Cancer An operation to remove a cancerous tumor. Surgery is the first line of treatment for cancer that a surgeon can readily reach without endangering the person, and when there is a single defined tumor. Multiple tumors may also be appropriate for surgery, depending on the type of cancer, the location […]

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Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization (TMLR)

Definition of Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization (TMLR) A treatment for angina pectoris and ischemic heart disease (ihd) in which the cardiovascular surgeon uses a laser to create several dozen tiny channels through the wall of the heart’s left ventricle to improve the flow of blood and oxygen to the myocardium (heart muscle). The surgeon makes a small “window” incision through the ribs […]

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Bone Marrow Donation Procedure

Definition of Bone Marrow Donation The withdrawal of bone marrow from a donor for use as a bone marrow transplantation or to harvest blood stem cells, usually as treatments for leukemia, lymphoma, some other cancers, and severe forms of anemia. Bone marrow donation may be autologous (donated for reimplantation into the donor) or allogeneic (donated for another person to receive as a […]

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Bone Marrow Transplantation – Definition and Risks

Definition of Bone Marrow Transplant Bone marrow transplantation is a therapeutic procedure to replace the blood stem cells, the functional component of bone marrow, with healthy donor blood stem cells. Typically the preparation process for the bone marrow removes T-cells and sometimes other leukocytes (white blood cells) to lower the likelihood of antigen response in the recipient. Common reasons for bone marrow transplantation […]

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Multiple Myeloma (Cancer) – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Multiple Myeloma A cancer of the bone marrow in which plasma cells, also called myeloma cells or myelocytes, proliferate, accumulating as lesions (growths) to develop within the bone marrow cavities of the bones. The lesions prevent normal functioning of the bone marrow. They also damage bone tissue and weaken the bone structure. Plasma […]

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Thymectomy – Surgery – Procedure and Definition

Definition of Thymectomy A surgical operation, performed under general anesthesia, to remove the thymus, a structure of lymphatic tissue located behind the sternum (breastbone) that produces T-cells. Tendrils of the thymus often extend upward toward the thyroid gland and downward over the heart. The loose structure of the thymus can make it challenging to surgically remove. Thymectomy […]

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Lung Cancer – Definition, Types, Stages, Treatment, Risk Factors

Lung Cancer – Definition and Basic Information Lung Cancer – malignant tumors that grow in the lungs. Lung cancer may be primary (originate in the lungs) or metastatic (spread to the lungs from cancer that originates elsewhere in the body). There are two main types of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer (SCLC), which is particularly aggressive, and non-small […]

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Ovarian Cancer – Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor that develops in the tissues of the ovary. Cancer may arise from any of the ovary’s three types of cells-germ, stromal, and epithelial-though about 90 percent of ovarian cancers arise from the ovarian epithelium (the membranous covering of the ovary). Ovarian epithelial cancer occurs […]

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