Cryptococcosis / Cryptococcus and Symptoms

Definition of Cryptococcosis An illness that results from infection with the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, which is abundant in soil worldwide. Cryptococcosis may affect the meninges (membranes covering the brain and spinal cord), the lungs, or the skin. Infection is most likely in people who are immunocompromised and is a particular risk in those who have hiv/aids, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, […]

Read More

Histoplasmosis – Diagnosis, Symptoms and Treatment

Histoplasmosis / Histoplasma Capsulatum – Definition Histoplasmosis is an illness resulting from infection with the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. This fungus, commonly called a mold, thrives in soils where bird droppings are abundant, such as chicken farms, barns where pigeons and starlings nest, and caves where bats roost. Histoplasmosis is endemic (continuously present) in the river valley areas of the […]

Read More

Candidiasis / Candida – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Candidiasis – Candida Candidiasis / Candida – An illness resulting from infection with fungi (also called yeasts) from the Candida family, most commonly Candida albicans, though other Candida species may also cause infection. Candidiasis, commonly called yeast infection (or thrush when it involves the mouth), affects the mucous membranes of the mouth, esophagus, urinary tract, […]

Read More

Coccidioidomycosis – Symptoms and Treatment

Coccidioidomycosis Definition An illness resulting from infection with the spores of the fungus Coccidioides immitis, which occurs naturally in the soil in desert environments, inhaled into the lungs. Coccidioidomycosis affects the respiratory tract, primarily the lungs. About half of people infected with Coccidioides immitis do not become ill. The immune system can successfully neutralize small numbers of […]

Read More

Tinea infection – Ringworm – Capitis, Corporis

Definition of Tinea Tinea is a common fungal infection of the skin, involving the layers (including the hair and nails) that are cornified (composed of dead keratinocytes). Several species of fungi, known collectively as dermatophytes, cause tinea infection (also called dermatophytosis). People commonly refer to some forms of tinea as ringworm because the lesions have the appearance of […]

Read More