Colonoscopy – Preparation, Procedure, Recovery and Risks

Colonoscopy Definition An examination of the colon (also called bowel or large intestine) to detect and remove intestinal polyps, fleshy growths that may become cancerous, and to biopsy or remove small adenocarcinomas (cancerous polyps). Conventional colonoscopy is an endoscopic procedure in which the gastroenterologist inserts a flexible, lighted tube (endoscope or colonoscope) through the anus and into the large intestine. […]

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Fecal (bowel) Impaction – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Fecal Impaction Definition Hardened pieces of feces, also called stool, that lodge in the colon or rectum. Fecal impaction typically occurs as a consequence of chronic constipation or reduced bowel motility (movement of digestive waste through the colon) and is most common in people who are confined to bed for extended periods of time. Those who take narcotic pain medications or antidiarrheal […]

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Intussusception – Definition and Symptoms

Intussusception Definition A circumstance in which one portion of the intestine slides over another in telescopic fashion, creating an intestinal obstruction (ileus). Intussusception typically occurs in infants between the ages of 3 and 10 months, though can develop in children up to age six years. It is three times more common in boys than girls. Intussusception […]

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Rapid Gastric Emptying – Dumping Syndrome

Rapid Gastric Emptying Definition A disorder, also called dumping syndrome, in which food moves from the stomach into the small intestine incompletely digested, resulting in the small intestine attempting to digest solid food particles.Normally the digestive content that reaches the small intestine is fairly liquefied. The incomplete gastric digestion causes various gastrointestinal symptoms and leads to malabsorption. Rapid gastric […]

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Colorectal Cancer – Definition, Staging, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Colorectal Cancer Malignant growths in the colon, most commonly in the sigmoid colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer is the second-leading cause of death due to cancer in the United States. However, colorectal cancer is also one of the most preventable and, with early detection, among the most treatable kinds of cancer. More than 95 percent of […]

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Fecal (bowel) Incontinence

Fecal Incontinence Definition Loss of bowel control – occurs more frequently in young children and in elderly adults, though can occur at any age. Fecal impaction, in which stool hardens in the rectum, is a common cause of fecal incontinence, particularly in children, as digestive waste that continues to move through the colon forces its way around the impaction […]

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) – Symptoms and Treatment

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Definition A constellation of symptoms that reflect functional disturbance of the gastrointestinal system. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders that cause people to seek medical care, accounting for 10 percent of doctor visits each year. IBS symptoms are episodic and may range from mild to debilitating […]

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Rebound Tenderness Abdomen

Rebound Tenderness Abdomen Definition A clinical sign of peritonitis (generalized inflammation and infection of the abdominal cavity). During abdominal palpation, the doctor presses slowly and firmly on the abdomen, then suddenly releases the pressure. The person feels a stabbing PAIN with release when the result is positive and notices no change when the result is negative. Rebound tenderness has a high […]

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Constipation – Causes and Treatment

Constipation Definition Difficult or delayed bowel movements. Constipation may occur as a delay in the frequency of bowel movements, an attempt to pass stools that are hard and compact, or a combination. Constipation tends to be chronic (longterm), though can occur as acute (sudden) episodes. Abdominal cramping and bloating may accompany constipation. Any rectal bleeding that […]

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Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)

Fecal Occult Blood Test Definition Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) – a laboratory test to determine whether there is microscopic (occult) blood in the stool, primarily to screen for colorectal cancer although other conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (ibd) and diverticulosis, can also cause occult bleeding. Two kinds of FOBT kits are available for self-sampling at home, one […]

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