Colostomy Surgery – Definition of Procedure

Colostomy Surgery Procedure Definition Colostomy is a surgically created opening (stoma) through the abdominal wall through which the colon passes fecal matter, typically accompanying surgery to remove a diseased segment of the colon. Though there are numerous medical reasons for colostomy, among the most common are colorectal cancer, traumatic injury, and severe inflammatory bowel disease (ibd). A colostomy […]

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Gastrectomy Surgery – Definition and Complications

Gastrectomy Surgery Definition Partial or complete surgical removal of the stomach, typically to treat stomach cancer or uncontrollable bleeding resulting from peptic ulcer disease. Gastrectomy is a major operation, typically an open surgery, performed under general anesthesia that requires several days to a week in the hospital and 8 to 12 weeks for total recovery and return to regular activities. An individual’s course of […]

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Ileoanal Reservoir – Operation

Ileoanal Reservoir Definition Ileoanal Reservoir – an operation to connect the ileum, the final segment of the small intestine, directly with the anal canal (a short tract immediately before the anus) as an alternative to ileostomy when it is necessary to remove the entire colon. The surgery may take place in one operation or, more commonly, in two operations. First the surgeon removes […]

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Ileostomy Surgery

Ileostomy Surgery Definition Ileostomy – an operation in which the surgeon brings the end of the ileum, the final segment of the small intestine, through the abdominal wall to exit outside the body. A pouch fastens with adhesive to the skin around the ileostomal opening, or stoma, to collect digestive waste. The waste is significantly more watery than stool. An ileostomy is […]

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Liver Transplantation – Information About the Procedure – Operation

Liver Transplant Surgery Definition Liver Transplantation – an operation to replace a diseased liver with a donor liver as a treatment for end-stage liver failure. Following liver transplantation, most people are able to return to full and active lives though must continue taking medications to suppress rejection of the donor liver (immunosuppressive therapy). Surgeons performed the first successful liver transplantation in […]

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Small Bowel Transplantation

Small Bowel Transplant Definition A replacement of a diseased small intestine with a cadaver donor small intestine. small bowel transplantation is a final treatment option for short bowel syndrome or other circumstances in which there is total loss of small intestine structure or function. The gastroenterologist may consider small bowel transplantation when all other treatments, including total parenteral nutrition, have […]

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Appendectomy Surgery – Procedure and Complications

Appendectomy Surgery Definition Appendectomy is a surgical operation to remove an inflamed or infected appendix. The conventional open procedure involves making an incision two to three inches long in the lower right abdomen. Open appendectomy typically requires two or three days of hospitalization and four to six weeks for full recovery. A laparoscopy appendectomy requires a shorter hospital stay […]

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Cholecystectomy Procedure (Open and Laparoscopic)

Cholecystectomy Procedure Definition Cholecystectomy is a surgical operation to remove the gallbladder. Cholecystectomy is the most common treatment in the United States for gallbladder disease including gallstones (cholelithiasis), cholecystitis (inflammation or infection of the gallbladder), and biliary dyskinesia (diminished ability of the gallbladder to eject bile). About 500,000 Americans undergo cholecystectomy each year. Cholecystectomy – Surgical Procedure There are two methods for performing […]

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