Iritis – inflammation of the iris

Definition of Iritis Inflammation of the iris, the muscle surrounding the pupil of the eye – may develop as a result of infection, such as conjunctivitis that spreads to involve other structures of the eye. Iritis also occurs as part of the inflammatory process in autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. The Symptoms of Iritis Include Irritation and a “gritty” […]

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Keratitis – Symptoms, Treatment and Causes

Definition of Keratitis Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea, usually the result of an infection. The cause of the infection is more commonly viral, such as herpes simplex or herpes zoster, than bacterial. Symptoms Include redness and irritation of the eye and conjunctiva (inner eyelids) discomfort or pain excessive tearing difficulty keeping the eye open diminished visual acuity (usually blurred […]

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Ocular Herpes Simplex

Definition of Ocular Herpes Simplex Ocular Herpes Simplex – an infection of the eyes with herpes simplex virus 1 (hsv-1), which causes cold sores, or herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2), which causes genital herpes. The virus spreads to the eye to cause the initial infection via contamination from contact with an existing herpes sore elsewhere on the […]

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Inflammation in The Body, Causes and Treatment

Inflammation in the Body – Definition The release of fluid (plasma) from the blood vessels into the tissues, facilitating the movement of key immune proteins and other molecules to the site of injury or infection. Inflammation is the mechanism of the immune response for containing and mitigating whatever damage has occurred. Prostaglandins, which mast cells release, are the […]

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Orbital Cellulitis and Treatment

Orbital Cellulitis Definition Orbital Cellulitis – inflammation and swelling of the tissues surrounding the eye, including the eyelids. Orbital cellulitis requires emergency medical attention. Delayed treatment can result in permanent vision loss. Causes of Orbital Cellulitis The most common causes of Orbital Cellulitis are infections that affect the eyelids such as hordeolum and blepharitis, dacryocystitis (infected tear duct), and infections of adjacent structures […]

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Glomerulonephritis – Acute / Chronic – Symptoms, Treatment

Definition of Glomerulonephritis Glomerulonephritis – inflammation of the glomeruli within the nephrons of the kidneys. The glomerulus is the coiled capillary network through which blood circulates for filtration. Glomerulonephritis, also called glomerular disease, may be acute (come on suddenly) or chronic (develop slowly over time). Acute glomerulonephritis is often a temporary condition that improves with treatment and causes minimal or […]

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Papillitis – Optic Neuritis – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Papillitis Papillitis – optic neuritis – inflammation of the optic disk, the portion of the optic nerve that enters the retina (also called the “blind spot”). Papillitis typically results from, and may be an early diagnostic indicator of, systemic inflammatory conditions such as multiple sclerosis and temporal arteritis. The inflammation also may follow viral or bacterial infection such as […]

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Esophagitis, Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnostic Path

Esophagitis Definition Inflammation of the esophagus – The most common cause of esophagitis is irritation from stomach contents that backflow into the esophagus, such as occurs with gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) and achalasia. Infection resulting from herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus (cmv), or yeast (Candida) also can involve the esophagus to cause esophagitis. Symptoms include painful or difficult swallowing and dyspepsia. The diagnostic path may include endoscopy to […]

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Photophobia – Definition and Symptoms

Definition of Photophobia Photophobia- heightened sensitivity to bright light, usually the result of inflammation or irritation to structures of the eye or with mydriasis (extended dilation of the pupil). Photophobia causes discomfort in the eye ranging from a burning sensation to outright pain. Often there is excessive tearing and the eye becomes reddened in response to the irritation. In […]

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Gastritis – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Gastritis Definition Inflammation of the lining of the stomach. There are two broad classifications of gastritis: erosive and nonerosive. The most common cause of erosive gastritis is repeated irritation from ingested substances such as alcohol, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids). The most common cause of nonerosive gastritis is infection with helicobacter pylori, the strain of bacteria that causes peptic ulcer disease. Occasionally […]

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