Antiviral Medications and Viral Infection

Definition of Antiviral Medications Antiviral medications – medications to shorten the course and lessen the severity of illness due to viral infection as well as reduce viral shedding to minimize contagiousness. Some medications are able to prevent viral infection from developing after exposure to the virus. Antivirals mark a fine line because they must destroy viruses without damaging the […]

Read More

Imported Drug – Definition and Information

Definition of Imported Drug Imported Drug – a drug or pharmaceutical product not manufactured in the country of purchase. Countries may have differing requirements for testing and product safety for the manufacture and distribution of drugs within their borders. In the United States the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has regulatory authority over drug production and distribution and […]

Read More

Placebo Definition

Definition of Placebo An inert substance that has no biological, chemical, or other action within the body, taken with the intent of producing a therapeutic effect. The placebo effect refers to the sense of improvement of symptoms an individual may experience when taking or using a product that has no active ingredients. Researchers often use placebo […]

Read More

Adverse Drug Reaction

Adverse Drug Reaction – Definition Adverse Drug Reaction – an undesired, negative, and often unpleasant response to a medication. People commonly refer to adverse drug reactions as side effects, which is not entirely accurate because a side effect may have therapeutic value whereas an adverse drug reaction is potentially harmful. Adverse drug reactions are common, affecting more than two million […]

Read More

Innovator Drug

Innovator Drug Definition Innovator Drug – the first drug containing its specific active ingredients to receive approval for use from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). An innovator drug’s patent protects the drug from market competition, giving its manufacturer exclusive right to produce and sell the drug. The innovator drug’s manufacturer generally has invested significant time […]

Read More

Route of Administration of Drug

Route of Administration – Definition Route of Administration – the method by which a person takes or receives a drug. The common routes administration are oral (by mouth), sublingual (beneath the tongue), injection, topical, transdermal, and rectal. Women may use some drugs intravaginally. Some drugs are available only in certain forms, such as injectable. Many drugs are […]

Read More

Aging, Effects on Drug Metabolism and Drug Response

Drug Response With Advancing Age Aging, Effects on Drug Metabolism and Drug Response – Many drugs have different therapeutic effects as well as potential adverse drug reactions, depending on a person’s age. The very young and the very old often have limited liver function, which affects the ways in which the liver metabolizes drugs, resulting in lower […]

Read More

Investigational New Drug (IND)

Investigational New Drug Definition Investigational New Drug (IND) is a new drug in the final phases of development for which the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) grants restricted approval for use in clinical testing, emergency treatment, or transportation across state lines. Typically the use of an IND must meet one of three requirements: The person to […]

Read More

Scheduled Drug – list and definition

Definition of Scheduled Drug Scheduled Drug – In the United States a drug that has strict prescribing and availability criteria because of its potential for addiction or abuse, as the federal Uniform Controlled Substance Act (UCSA) of 1970 specifies and regulates. Some substances are scheduled drugs (also called controlled substances) because they have no medicinal or therapeutic […]

Read More

Antibiotic Resistance – Definition, Aquiring Resistance

Antibiotic Resistance Definition Antibiotic Resistance is the adaptation of bacterial strains to certain of the antibiotic medications doctors prescribe to treat infections the bacteria cause, rendering the antibiotic ineffective. Such adaptation is an evolutionary mechanism that allows the strain of bacteria to survive. Though in most situations the strain of bacteria remains sensitive to other antibiotics even […]

Read More