Amebiasis treatment and symptoms

Amebiasis Definition Amebiasis is a parasitic INFECTION of the gastrointestinal tract. The PARASITE responsible is Entamoeba histolytica, a single-cell organism (an ameba) that enters the body by drinking water or eating food that contains E. histolytica in cyst form. The cyst is a protective encasing within which the ameba may sustain itself in a dormant stage for weeks to […]

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Babesiosis disease Babesia microti and symptoms

Babesiosis Definition An illness that results from INFECTION with the parasitic protozoan Babesia microti. Most people who have babesiosis do not have symptoms; the infection causes illness primarily in people who are IMMUNOCOMPROMISED or who have had SPLENECTOMY (surgical removal of the SPLEEN). The bite of the Ixodes tick, found in the northeastern United States, is the mode of […]

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Cyclosporiasis / Cyclospora

Cyclosporiasis/Cyclospora Definition, Symptoms and Causes Cyclosporiasis – an illness that results from INFECTION with the PARASITE Cyclospora cayetanensis. The Cyclospora come to maturity in warm, moist environments after excretion in the feces of people who have the infection. This parasite, unlike most, cannot cause immediate infection so people who are infected are not contagious. People acquire infection with Cyclospora […]

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Malaria – symptoms and treatment

Malaria Definition Malaria – An illness that results from INFECTION with one of four Plasmodium parasites: Plasmodium malariae, P. ovale, P. vivax, and P. falciparum. Bites from the female Anopheles mosquito spread the infection from one person to another. Though malaria has not occurred naturally in the United States since the 1950s, travel to or immigration from regions […]

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Toxoplasmosis – Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis and Pregnancy

Toxoplasmosis Definition Toxoplasmosis – an illness that results from INFECTION with the PARASITE Toxoplasma gondii. Health experts in the United States estimate that about 60 million Americans are infected with T. gondii, though only a small percentage of them become ill. T. gondii may migrate into body tissues, forming cysts. Domestic cats carry T. gondii; […]

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Trichomoniasis – Symptoms and Treatment

Trichomoniasis Definition A sexually transmitted disease (STD) resulting from INFECTION with the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. Though trichomoniasis affects men and women equally, women are more likely to show symptoms. About two thirds of men and half of women who have trichomoniasis do not have symptoms, though they are nonetheless able to spread the infection through […]

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