Cystoscopy – Endoscopic Procedure – Definition

Definition of Cystoscopy Procedure Cystoscopy – An endoscopic procedure for visualizing the interior of the bladder. The cystoscope is a narrow tube with a tiny light and camera on the tip. Cystoscopy requires no preparation or recovery time and takes place in an outpatient surgery setting under sterile procedures. The urologist anesthetizes the urethra, then inserts the […]

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Cystourethrogram – Diagnostic Imaging Procedure – Definition

Definition of Cystourethrogram Cystourethrogram – A diagnostic imaging procedure that shows the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra. The radiologist instills a radio-opaque solution (contrast medium) into the bladder through a catheter, then takes a series of X-rays as the solution fills the bladder and urethra. The radio-opaque solution makes these soft […]

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Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) – Definition

Definition of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) ESWL – a therapeutic procedure in which a machine called a lithotriptor generates shock waves that cause calcifications within the urinary tract, commonly called kidney stones (nephrolithiasis) or bladder stones (urolithiasis), to break apart into smaller fragments the URINE can carry out of the body. Lithotripsy became available […]

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Renal Dialysis – Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis

Definition of Renal Dialysis Renal Dialysis – procedures to filter toxins from the blood when the kidneys are unable to perform this function. Dialysis can be short term or long term. Though in theory renal dialysis could sustain life indefinitely, in practice most people experience a steady decline of overall health with long-term dialysis because […]

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Dermabrasion – Definition and Risks

Definition of Dermabrasion Dermabrasion is a mechanical method for smoothing roughened or scarred skin. The dermabrader is a motorized burrlike device that “sands” away the layers of skin to achieve the desired result. Dermabrasion is appropriate for treating skin blemishes such as acne scarring or sun damage. The dermatologist administers a sedative and a local anesthetic before the […]

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Laser Skin Resurfacing – Definition and Risks

Definition of Laser Skin Resurfacing Laser Skin Resurfacing is a method for smoothing scars, acne pitting, wrinkles, and other blemishes from the skin, primarily on the face, using a heat (usually carbon dioxide) laser. The laser focuses a high-intensity beam of light that the dermatologist moves across the surface of the skin, precisely targeting the depth and skin areas for […]

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Colonoscopy – Preparation, Procedure, Recovery and Risks

Colonoscopy Definition An examination of the colon (also called bowel or large intestine) to detect and remove intestinal polyps, fleshy growths that may become cancerous, and to biopsy or remove small adenocarcinomas (cancerous polyps). Conventional colonoscopy is an endoscopic procedure in which the gastroenterologist inserts a flexible, lighted tube (endoscope or colonoscope) through the anus and into the large intestine. […]

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Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

Digital Rectal Examination Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) – direct palpation of the rectum in which the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum via the anus. DRE allows the doctor to feel for abnormal growths within the rectum and, in men, to palpate the prostate gland for enlargement and possibly nodules that could suggest prostate […]

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Endoscopy procedure – Risks, Types and Description

Endoscopy Procedure Definition The collective term for minimally invasive procedures that allow the doctor to view internal organs and structures using a lighted, flexible scope inserted through a natural body opening or through a small incision. Endoscopy can be diagnostic or therapeutic. Most endoscopic procedures require preparation before the procedure, sedation during the procedure, and supervised […]

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Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Procedure

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Definition Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) – an endoscopic procedure that allows diagnostic as well as therapeutic procedures involving the duodenum, pancreatic duct, and common bile duct. After administering a sedative the gastroenterologist inserts the flexible, lighted endoscope through the mouth, passing it down the esophagus and through the stomach to the duodenum. While advancing the endoscope the gastroenterologist examines […]

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